27 terms

Chapter 11 Powers of Congress Vocabulary

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Expressed powers
Powers granted to Congress explicitly written in the Constitution
Implied Powers
Powers that are implied by reasonable deduction
Inherent Powers
Powers granted to the national government
Strict Constructionist
Argued against anti-federalists believing congress should only excercise expressed powers. Led by Thomas Jefferson
Liberal Constructionist
Fought to adopt new Constitution. Led by Alexander Hamilton
Consensus
General agreement
Tax
A charge levied by the government on persons or properties to raise money for public needs
Direct tax
Tax that is first paid to the government by the person on whom it is imposed
Indirect tax
Tax that is first paid by one person but then passed on to another
Public debt
All the money borrowed by the federal government over years and not yet repaid, including interest
Deficit financing
Spends more than you take in each year and borrows the rest
Commerce powers
Power of congress to regulate interstate and foreign trade
Legal tender
Any kind of money that a creditor must by law accept in payment for debt
Banruptcy
Legal proceeding in which the bankrupt's assets are distributed among those to whom a debt is owed
Naturalization
Process of becoming a citizen
Copyright
Exclusive right of an author to reproduce, publish, and sell their original work
Patent
Exclusive rights to an invention
Eminent domain
Inherent power to take private property for public use
Appropriate
To assign to a particular use
Necessary and Proper Clause
Able to make laws that are necessary for carrying out the other powers
Doctrine
Principle or fundamental policy
Successor
A replacement, someone to fill a vacancy
Impeach
To formally accuse or bring charges (DOES NOT MEAN REMOVE FROM OFFICE)
Acquit
Find someone not guilty
Perjury
Lying under oath
Subpoena
Legal order directing an appearance in cour and/or produce certain evidence
Censure
Formal condemnation