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French-Canadian explorer who established a chain of trading posts in New France, thus breaking Britain's economic stronghold on the region
A Native American people formerly living in villages along the Missouri River in south-central North Dakota, with present-day descendants on Lake Sakakawea in west-central North Dakota
Hudson Bay Company
English corporation, formed in 1670, which held a monopoly over trade in the region watered by streams flowing into Hudson Bay in Canada
they consist of descendants of marriages of Woodland Cree, Ojibway, Saulteaux, and Menominee aboriginals to French Canadians, Scots and English
A Scottish philanthropist who sponsored immigrant settlements in Canada at the Red River Colony
Battle of Seven Oaks
took place on June 19th 1816 during the long dispute between the Hudson's Bay Company and the North West Company, rival fur-trading companies in western Canada
the "father of New France," was born between 1567 and 1570 in the town of Brouage, a seaport on France's west coast and died in 1635 in Québec
was the ketch that sailed into Hudson Bay in 1668-1669, in the first trading voyage for what was to become the Hudson's Bay Company two years later
exclusive control of a commodity or service in a particular market, or a control that makes possible the manipulation of prices
also known by the Ojibwe name Asiniibwaan "Stone Sioux", and the Cree as Asinîpwât are a Native Canadian/First Nations people originally from the Northern Great Plains area of Canada, specifically in present-day Saskatchewan and parts of Saskatchewan Alberta and southwestern Manitoba around the US/Canadian border
young Chipewyan woman who was one of the most outstanding female diplomats of the fur trade and acted as guide, interpreter and peace negotiator for Governor Knight of the Hudson's Bay Company at York Factory
was a soldier with a Connecticut regiment, a fur trader, founding member of the North West Company, an explorer and cartographer
originates in Great Slave Lake, in the Northwest Territories, and flows north into the Arctic Ocean
: a concentrated food consisting of dried pulverized beef, dried berries, and rendered fat
a Scots-Quebecer and employee of the Hudson's Bay Company (HBC). His title was Governor-in-Chief of Rupert's Land and the Indian Territories in British North America (now Canada) from 1821 to 1860
Red River Settlement:
a colonization project set up by Thomas Douglas, 5th Earl of Selkirk in 1811 on 300,000 km² of land granted to him by the Hudson's Bay Company
an inland boat used by the Hudson's Bay Company to carry furs and trade goods along inland waterways in Canada
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