51 terms

Drivers Ed


Terms in this set (...)

What is the number one cause of death for teens?
What's the transition peg for a left turn?
The left front corner post. Transition pegs align with a target on a turn, then you can unwind the wheel and pivot from brake to accelerator
How and why should you hold your keys?
Easy and quick entry, and they can be used in self-defense
Why is it a good practice to use headlights during the day?
The vehicle will be more visible to others from almost a mile away
Describe the correct driver seating position
Hips all the way back, ball of right foot on brake, heel of shoe on floor, knees and elbows bent, torso 10 inches away from wheel
List 5 reasons why you and your passengers should wear safety belts
1. you stay in driving compartment
2. you stay in vehicle
3. your body slows down gradually
4. unbelted passengers will not crash into you
5. you aren't thrown into the crash
How should the head restraint be positioned in relationship to your head? Why?
The head restraint should be at ear level because it protects you from whiplash injury
How should you hold your hands on the steering wheel while driving straight?
9 and 3 or 8 and 4 position
What is push-pull steering used for?
Most turns and driving through curves
What is hand-over-hand steering used for?
Sharp and slow turns
Explain how to make a smooth, balanced stop
Push to point of resistance on brake, use steady, even pressure, and trail brake the last 2 seconds of stop to keep balence
Anti-lock braking system (ABS)
Prevents any of the wheels from locking during hard braking
High-capacity urban road, primarily designed to deliver traffic from collector roads to freeways
Central vision
The portion of your field of vision which you can see clearly
Changing zone
An unstable area either in front or behind your vehicle
Controlled intersection
Intersection with signs or signals to assign right of way
Curb cut
When a vehicle entering the road from a driveway, alley, or parking lot closes a cyclist's path of travel
Amount an insurance policy holder agrees to pay toward vehicle repair or replacement
When a door of a parked car is opened into the path of a cyclist, causing a collision
Fringe vision
The area surrounding our central vision
Highway hypnosis
Drowsy or trance-like condition caused by concentration on the roadway ahead and monotony of driving (usually long distances)
Idle speed
The speed a car travels when in gear with no pressure applied to the brake or accelerator
Newton's 1st law of motion; the tendency of an object to resist changes in motion. An object in motion stays in motion at the same speed in the same direction until acted upon by another force. An object at rest stays at rest until acted upon by another force
Left hook
When a vehicle causes a collision by turning left across the oath of a vehicle traveling in the same direction
A measure of inertia; the amount of momentum an object has depends on how much stuff is moving, how fast the stuff is moving, and the direction the stuff is moving in
When a vehicle turns more than dictated by steering input because of a rear-wheel skid
Path of travel
Space that your vehicle will occupy as you travel on the roadway toward the target area
Pedestrian safety zone
Any marked or unmarked crosswalk, sidewalk, or other walkway set aside for pedestrian use
Peripheral vision
The far edges of vision in which we do not see clearly but can detect motion and light
Pivot point
The inside-rear tire around which the vehicle pivots during backing turns
Point of no return
Point beyond which a driver can no longer stop safely without entering an intersection
Point of resistance
The point at which you can feel resistance, or pressure, against your foot when depressing the brake or accelerator pedal
Specific amount of money paid to an insurance company for insurance coverage over a specified period of time
Progressive acceleration
Firm accelerator pressure used to increase speed
Protected left turn
Left turn made on a left-turn light, green arrow, or delayed green light while oncoming traffic is stopped
Regulatory sign
Regulated traffic movement;these are red, white, and/or black
Right hook
When a vehicle causes a collision by Turing right across the path of another vehicle traveling in the same direction
"Sand barrels"
Cars stopped behind your vehicle with reduce your risk of a high impact rear-end crash
Staggered stop
Stop 15 feet from the stop line
Synergistic effect
Chemical interaction between two or drugs, which may have an effect greater than either drug alone
Threshold braking
Maximum braking pressure without locking the wheels or engaging the ABS
Timing side zones
Creating open space by avoiding passing between two closed zones
Tire footprint
The area of a tire that is actually in contact with the road
The ability to follow a consistent path within your lane
Trail braking
Slight decrease of braking pressure, which does not change speed but allows driver to maintain control and balance when stopping or turning
Transition peg
A place on the car seen in relation to the target area that is used to determine the precise moment to make a change in steering, acceleration, or braking action when exiting a turn or curve
Uncontrolled intersection
Intersection with no signs or signals to regulate traffic, including railroad crossings that don't have flashing lights or crossing gates
When a vehicle turns less than dictated by steering input because of a front-wheel skid
Unprotected left turn
Left turn made a signal-controlled intersection without use o a special left-turn light
Vehicle footprint
The area around the vehicle that cannot be seen while sitting in the driver's seat
The illusion that you are traveling at a speed much higher or lower than your actual speed, usually experienced just after a drastic change in road speed such as when exiting a highway into a neighborhood