39 terms

Blood vessels inferior to the diaphragm

Exam 4
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What are the main branches arising from the abdominal aorta?
celiac, superior mesentric, renal, gonadal, & inferior mesenteric arteries
What do the branches celiac, superior mesentric, renal, gonadal, & inferior mesenteric arteries arising from?
abdominal aorta
What is the first major arterial branch from the descending abdominal aorta?
Celiac trunk
What artery has branches to the liver, pancreas, stomach, gallbladder, & duodenum?
Celiac trunk
What is the second branch from the abdominal aorta?
Superior mesenteric artery
What does the superior mesenteric artery branch from?
descending abdominal aorta
What does the celiac trunk branch from ?
descending abdominal aorta
What supplies blood to the small intestine, pancreas, ascending & transverse colon?
Superior mesenteric artery
What supply the kidneys & adrenal glands?
paired renal arteries
What supply the ovaries in the female?
paired ovarian arteries
What supply blood to the testes of the male?
paired testicular arteries
What supplies the distal end of the colon & rectum?
Inferior mesenteric artery
What are the terminal branches of the descending abdominal aorta?
Common iliac arteries
What arteries continue as the femoral arteries in the thigh?
external iliac arteries
What supply the pelvic organs & gluteal muscles?
Internal iliac arteries
What do the external iliac arteries continue as in the thigh?
Femoral arteries
What veins join as the common iliac veins?
External & internal iliac veins
What join the inferior vena cava?
Common iliac veins
What exit the kidneys & join the inferior vena cava?
Renal veins
What do the renal veins join after exiting the kidneys?
inferior vena cava
What veins exit the testes or ovaries?
gonadal veins
Where does the right gonadal vein drain into?
Inferior vena cava
Where does the left gonadal vein drain into?
left renal vein
What is a special system of veins that drains specific abdominal organs?
Hepatic portal system
Which gonadal vein drains into the inferior vena cava?
RIght gonadal vein
Which gonadal vein drains into the left renal vein?
left gonadal vein
The hepatic portal system carries blood between the capillaries of the gastrointestinal tract into the capillaries in the _________ before passing blood back to the systemic circuit?
Liver
What brings blood from the spleen, stomach, & pancreas?
Splenic vein
What organs does the splenic vein return blood from?
spleen, stomach, & pancreas
What brings blood back from the small intestine & stomach?
Superior mesenteric vein
Where does the superior mesenteric vein return blood from?
small intestine & stomach
Where does the inferior mesenteric vein return blood from?
colon
What vein brings blood back from the colon?
Inferior mesenteric vein
What vein does the inferior mesenteric vein join?
Splenic vein
What vein forms from the union of the superior mesenteric vein & the splenic vein?
Hepatic portal vein
What organ does the hepatic portal vein enter?
liver
The hepatic portal vein is formed from what two veins?
superior mesenteric vein & splenic vein
What vein drains blood FROM the liver into the inferior vena cava?
Hepatic vein
From where does the hepatic vein drain blood into the inferior vena cava?
Liver
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