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10 terms

WW2-- isms

B-2
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Militarism
term applied to the aggresive build up of military forces and aggressive foreign policy action, often leading to war
Totalitarianism
term for governments that aim at controlling every aspect of people's lives
Fascism
the Italian militarist, nationalist, socialist movement that took power in the 20's--
Nazism
the German form of Fascism—a totalitarian movement (militant, nationalist, socialist, racist) that took power "legally" in Germany in 1933, by 1940 controlled most of Europe
Communism (& Marxism & Leninism & Stalinism)
names for different aspects of the social/economic/political philosophy based on the ideas of Karl Marx—that the working classes would, country by country, lead a worldwide violent overthrow of "capitalism"
Racism
in its obvious form, prejudice based on race
Nationalism
"super-patriotism"—strong, sometimes emotional-to-the-point-of-mindless devotion to one's country--
Antisemitism
a common term for prejudice against, hatred of Jews
Appeasement
term for "weak" political policy of giving in to such political bullies as Mussolini and Hitler —"backing down," in the hopes that they'll be satisfied, and leave you alone
Isolationism
the widespread, persistent attitude throughout American history that we should just stay out of the world's problems