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49 terms

Reading Strategies

ACT PREP
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PLAY
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many english words come from the names of people, places, other languages and events
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english has borrowed from other languages
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many of those borrowed words and phrases are worth knowing because they frequently turn up in academic contexts
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tantalize
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sample sentence
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tantalized by the smell of frying bacon, the dog stared hungrily at the stove
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nemesis
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in Shakespeare's tragedy Othello, lago is Othello's nemesis; motivated by envy and hatred lago is determined to destroy the man he claims to love above all others
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maelstrom
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unused to the political maelstrom that was Washington, the young senator found himself struggling to hold on to his integrity along with his career
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bedlam
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the substitute teacher left the room for only a few brief moments, but when she returned, the classroom was complete bedlam with some children standing on their desks while others marched around wearing their chairs or books on top of their heads
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tawdry
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in the play A Streetcar Named Desire, the desperate heroine, Blanche Dubois, tries to pretend that the tawdry apartment she shares with her sister is only temporary
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latin
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1.ad hoc
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literally 'toward this'
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refers to something devised or created for a particular situation or purpose
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2.ad infinitum
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literally ' too infinity'
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suggests that someone or something will continue indefinitely
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posteriori
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literally 'from the subsequent'
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indicates that reasoning is based on experience that one may argue from facts to general principles
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priori
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literally ' from the previous causes'
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indicates that reasoning is based on theories or general principles rather than experience or factual knowledge
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bona fide
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literally 'in good faith'
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means that something is genuine or authentic
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in loco parentis
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literally 'in place of a parent'
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indicates that some group or institution substitutes for absent
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in toto
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'in sum'
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indicates that something should be taken totally or altogether
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prima facie
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on first appearance
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a first impression formed before any closer inspection
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non sequitur
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it doesn't follow
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points to an irrelevant or illogical conclusion or statement
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quid pro quo
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something for something
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carte blanche
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deja vu
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double-entendre
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entree
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idee fixe