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Sub-Saharan Africa .
The land south of the Sahara Desert in Africa that includes some of the world's richest mineral deposits and fertile land.
Straits of Hormuz
A narrow body of water linking the Persian Gulf with the Gulf of Oman causing a choke point.
The concept that political power rests with the people who create and can alter or abolish government.
Separation of Powers .
Organization of government whichinto three branches - legislative, executive and judicial; proposed by Montesquieu
prelude to the Civil War. South Carolina believed a State had the power to override the Federal (National) Government
Renaissance Value that humans are important. It shifted the focus from the after life (religion) to a person's life on earth
Diffusion/spatial exchange (cultural diffusion)
the spread of ideas, people and places to new places
exchange of goods and ideas (commerce) between the new nations and different parts of the world expanded
issue of the Civil War. South believed the States had more power than the Federal Government
movement that began to correct problem in the Roman Catholic Church. It caused a split and the development of Protestant Churches
water way through Panama that shortens the distance by water from East coast of the US to the West Coast
Martin Luther's ideas that he posted on the chuch door at Wittenburg which questioned the Roman Catholic Church. This act began the Reformation
pardon for sin. Martin Luther questioned the churches authority to pardon sin and especially the idea that you could buy the pardon
basic economy that was used in early farming and hunting and gathering societies
Age of Exploration & Colonization
Europeans explored and conquered much of the world. Goal was to find trade route to Asia
strong nations seek to dominate other countries (territories) politically, economically, or socially
shift from agriculture to industry (commercial industry) mass production of goods. It also led to the growth of cities and global trade
transfer of plants, animals, disease, and cultures between Europe, Asia and Africa (Old World) and North and South America (New World). It started with Christopher Columbus to the Americas in 1492
the production of goods in a factory through the use of machines and a large number of workers
Atlantic Slave Trade
millions of Africans were enslaved and transported across the Atlantic Ocean to work on plantations in the Americas and Caribbean region
an economic system in which all means of production are owned by the people, private property does not exist, and all goods and services are shared equally
an economic system based on private ownership and on the investment of money in business ventures in order to make a profit (money)
18th century European movement that applied reason to all aspects of society and help changed government
early river valley civilization located in modern day Iraq on the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers
Natural Rights / Individual Rights
Life, Liberty, property or Life, Liberty, the Pursuit of Happiness
invented by Eli Whitney it removed the seeds from cotton quicker than by hand which helped increase production
England's overthrow of the monarchy and establishment of a constitutional monarchy (representative government)
English Bill of Rights
guaranteed/protected basic rights of the English citizens and foundation for US Bill of Rights
trade route that went from China to the Middle East and into Europe - called the Silk Road b/c of the Silk only coming from China
rulers power is limited by law - Great Britain's current form of government since Glorious Revolution
citizens vote for representatives who make and enforce the laws. US form of government
statistical data of a population like - GDP per capita, Life Expectance, Literacy Rate, Infant mortality, ethnicity, religion etc
Founding of Jamestown
1607 first colony in America. Established representative government based on the British system of government
Declaration of Independence
sent to Britain (George III) with the grievances the Colonist had with England and why they were going to become their own Nation
He wrote the Declaration of Independence, was the 3rd president of the U.S.A. and made the Louisiana purchase
He was commander of the Continental Army, defeated Cornwallis at the Battle Yorktown, and 1st president of the U.S. A.
Articles of Confederation
US first plan of government that failed because of the weak central (national) government
opposed to the Constitution because it gave too much power to the national government and not enough to the states. They also wanted individual rights protected
A form of government that controls every aspect of public and private life. EX: Hitler in Germany
Year that the first 10 amendments to the Constitution were made which protected the rights of individuals from abuses of the national government
period in Europe that began after the fall of the Roman Empire Characterized by feudalism, Roman Catholic Church was the unifier of the age with more power than Kings/Lords
division of power between the national (federal) and state governments - ex.: national gov't coins money and the state gov't cannot
Term used to describe the division between Western (democratic) Europe and Eastern (communist) Europe
Christian warriors sent to regain the Holy Land (Jerusalem) from the Muslims that controlled
Checks and Balances
each branch of government has a way to restrict/check the actions of the other 2 branches
law code signed by King John of England that limited his power and was the first time for limited government
disease brought to Europe from the Mongols during the Middle Ages. It killed 1/3 of the population and helps end Feudalism
Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness same as natural or individual rights
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