Vocab Ch 4
Terms in this set (17)
A projecting wall member used as a support for some element in the superstructure. Also, courses of stone or brick in which each course projects beyond the one beneath it. Two such structures, meeting at the topmost course, create a corbelled arch.
A vault formed by the piling of stone blocks in horizontal courses, cantilevered inward until the two walls meet in a pointed arch. No mortar is used, and the vault is held in place only by the weight of the blocks themselves, with smaller stones used as wedges.
In masonry construction, a horizontal row of stone blocks.
The pre-Greek art of the Cycladic Islands.
Gigantic, vast and rough, massive. Cyclopean masonry is a method of stone construction using large, irregular blocks without mortar. The huge unhewn and roughly cut blocks of stone were used to construct Bronze Age fortifications such as Tiryns and other Mycenaean sites. dome A hemispheric vault; theoretically, an arch rotated on its vertical axis.
The passage leading to a beehive tomb.
Painting on lime plaster, either dry (dry fresco or fresco secco) or wet (true or buon fresco). In the latter method, the pigments are mixed with water and become chemically bound to the freshly laid lime plaster. Also, a painting executed in either method.
The pre-Greek art of the Greek mainland (Hellas).
The large reception hall of the king in a Mycenaean palace, fronted by an open, two-columned porch.
The pre-Greek art of Crete, named after the legendary King Minos of Knossos.
The late phase of Helladic art, named after the site of Mycenae.
In a corbeled arch, the opening above the lintel that serves to lighten the weight to be carried by the lintel itself.
Formed in relief by beating a metal plate from the back, leaving the impression on the face. The metal is hammered into a hollow mold of wood or some other pliable material and finished with a graver. See also relief.
A temple with a circular plan.
In Mycenean architecture, a beehive-shaped tomb with a circular plan.
In ancient Greece, a small building set up for the safe storage of votive offerings.