69 terms

listening ti music exam 3

STUDY
PLAY
Glinka
Opened the door for Russian Music and the russian Five
This demonstates National Pride more than any other form of music
Opera
Magical Opera by Glinka
Ruslan and Lyudmila - Known for its Overature
Wrote flight of the bumble bee
Rimsky-Korsakov
2 most important of the Russian Five
Rimsky-Korsakov and Mussorgsky
Most influential Russian Composer
Tchaikovsky
A great Pianist from the 20th century the bring 19th century music to life
Arthur rubinstein
A great conductor of the 20th century that brought music from the the romantic period to life.
Eugene Ormandy
Two Shakespeare inspirations
Romeo Juliet-Tchaikovsky A Mid summers Night Dream - Mendelson
Tchaikovsky introduced what instument to the orchestra
the Celesta (Dance of the sugar plum Fairy, nutcracker)
Wrote the Erlkonig
Schubert
Example of an art song (lied)
The Erlking
Solo Voice with piano. Poems set to music. AKA Lieder or Lied(in German)
Art Song
Great Romantic poets
Goethe & Heine
Example of a Song Cycle
Winterreise (A Winters Journey)
A Great Art Song Composer
Schubert
Song Form: Having the same music for each verse
Strophic
Song Form:Having different music for each verse
Through-Composed
Rewriting a work for a new set of forces
Arrangement
Composed : Symphonie Fantastique
Berlioz
Was bi-polar and married his piano teachers daughter
Shumann AKA Eusebius, Florestan
Piano pieces linked together by a theme
Piano cycle
Song cycle by Shumann
Dichterliebe (A Poets Love)
Composed: Carnival for Piano op. 9
Shumann
Example of a Program Symphony
Symphonie Fantastique
The art of composing for and orchestra
Orchestration
One of the supreme orchestrators in music history
Berlioz
Important movements from symphony fantasique
IV March to the Scaffold V Dream of a Witches Sabbath
idee fixe
"Fixed Idea", a term coined by Berlioz for a recurring musical idea that links different movements of a work.
Program Music
a piece of instrumental music, usually for symphony orchestra, that seeks to re-create in sound the events and emotions portrayed in some extramusical source: a story, a play, a historical event, an encounter with nature, or even a painting
Program Symphony
a symphony with the usual three, four, or five movements in which the individual movements together tell a tale or depict a succession of specific events or scenes
Composed; A mid summers night dream overture
Mendelssohn
Concert Overture
A one movement orchestral work, usually programmatic, and frequently set in sonata form.
Mendelssohn's important works
a mid summers night dream overture
Violin concerto in E minor, op 64 Hebrides Overture (fingal's Cave), op 26
Non-program music: music for the sake of music
Absolute Music
The Poet of the Piano
Chopin
Solo literature works of the 19th century
Character Piece
Chopin important works
Nocturne in Eb, op. 9, no.2
Etude in C minor, op.10, no. 12
a one movement program work for orchestra in various forms
Symphonic poem - same as Concert Overture but concert overture is in sonata form
The father of Czech Music
Smetana
Composed: Ma Vlast The Moldau (a symphonic poem Cycle)
Smetana
Father of the Czech national school
Smetana
Two Native Polish dances
Polonaise
Mazurka
Coined the term: Recital
Liszt
Great pianist- arranged Beethovens Symphonies for piano
Liszt
A group of songs linked together by a theme
Song Cycle (ex. Winterreise- A Winters Journey)
Composed: Symphony No. 9 in E minor (From the New World) op. 95
Dvorak
Most popular Czech Composer
Dvorak
One of the most underrated composers in music history
Dvorak
Composed: Symphony No. 3 in F, Op 90
Brahms
was a composer of absolute music in a period that featured program music.
Brahms
The outstanding craftsman of his era and one of the greatest masters of composition in music history
Brahms
Composed; The tale of the Tsar Sultan
Rimskey- Korakov
Compsed: the Ride of the Valkyries (opera)
Wagner
Composed: Caprice No. 24 for solo violin (etude)
Paganini
one of the most celebrated violin virtuosi of his time, and left his mark as one of the pillars of modern violin technique
Paganini
a German composer, conductor, theatre director and polemicist primarily known for his operas
Wagner
Composed; Pictures at an Exhibition (piano cycle)
Mussorgsky - this is the greatest piano work of the russian nationalists
Composed: Boris Godunov (opera)
Mussorgsky
Orchestrated Pictures at an Exhibition
Ravel
Mighty Handful
The russian five
Composed: Romeo and Juliet (overture-fantasy), op. 18
Tchaikovsky
Important Tchaikovsky Ballets:
Swan Lake
The Sleeping Beauty
The Nutcraker
Virtuoso
a brilliant performer; a person with masterly skill or technique; masterly or brilliant
nationalism
love of country and willingness to sacrifice for it
Character piece
a short instrumental work (especially for piano or orchestra) that establishes a particular mood
Composed; Kinderszenen, op. 15 (piano cycle) Scenes from Childhood
Shumann
Composed: the Hungarian Rhapsodies (Piano Cycle)
Liszt
Composed: Winterreise(a Winters journey) song cycle
Shubert