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14 terms

Unit 2: Reformation

Terms about the Reformation in Europe.
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Reformation
A time when the power of the Catholic church was challenged and new christian churches were created.
usury
The practice of charging interest - considered to be a sin by the Catholic Church.
indulgences
A certificate of forgiveness for sin that could be bought.
Anglican Church
National Church of England
Edict of Nantes
Catholic monarchy granted Huguenots freedom of worship in France
Catholic Counter Reformation
Catholic Church mounted a series of reforms and reasserted its authority
Society of Jesus
(The Jesuits) was founded to spread Catholic doctrine around the world during the Counter Reformation.
Inquisition
Established to reinforce Catholic doctrine; often did so by arresting and torturing heretics.
Protestants
People who left the Catholic church and followed one of the new churches created during the Reformation.
30 Years War
War during the Reformation that started over religion but was made more political by Cardinal Richelieu of France.
Huguenots
French Protestants
What countries became Protestant?
England, N. Germany, Switzerland
What countries stayed Catholic?
Italy, Spain, France & S. Germany
Switzerland
city that became a Calvinist theocracy