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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
MVCS New Mexico History Ch. 7
Terms in this set (22)
*Why did the Spanish decide to re-conquer New Mexico
1. They needed New Mexico for a buffer zone from Indian raids
2. They desired to Christianize the Indians
3. Their pride would not let them remain defeated
4. They worried about the French and English taking their settlements
*Who was the leader who successfully re-conquered New Mexico?
Don Diego de Vargas
*What year did Vargas re-conquer New Mexico?
Did all of the Pueblo Indians submit to the Spanish when they came back?
Some went to live with the Hopi .
Some went to live with the Navajo.
Some went to live with the Plains Indians.
What did the Spanish call the Indians who left?
*Why did the Spanish consider these Indians to be a threat?
They could help the raiding Indians hurt the Spanish because they knew the location of trails, settlements, and water holes
*Villas were important centers for what?
*Name 3 New Mexico villas
After the Pueblo Revolt, what did the Navajos and Apaches have that made their raids worse?
What Indian tribes were now (1730's) raiding the Spanish and Pueblo?
*Who was Cuerno Verde?
"Green Horn"; leader of the Comanches
*Who eventually defeated Cuerno Verde?
Juan Bautista de Anza
What was Anza able to convince the Comanches to do?
Help the Spanish fight the Apaches
What country claimed the land right next to New Mexico?
What was Spain's policy regarding trade with the French and the English?
It was illegal
How did the people of Santa Fe respond to the French traders that arrived in 1739?
They welcomed them
In what year did the United States become a country?
1776 (July 4th)
In what year did the United States buy the Louisiana Purchase from France?
The United States believed that the boundary of the Louisiana Purchase went as far west as what river?
the Rio Grande
Why did the Spanish arrest Zebulun Pike?
He built a fort on Spanish land
How did Pike describe the people of New Mexico?
hospitable, kind, brave, and hardy
What impact did Pike's travels have on Americans?
They became interested in trading with New Mexico
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