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Butler And The Conscience
Terms in this set (17)
What did he believe that the conscience was?
A reflective principle on prospective or retrospective actions of oneself and others according to moral principles.
What did he argue morality was?
A matter of following human nature.
What did he believe about human nature?
That there were various parts to it arranged hierarchically.
What does this hierarchy do?
It doesn't help us to act morally on its own.
What does Butler argue helps us to judge between the two main parts of human nature?
The top of this hierarchy.
What are the two main parts of human nature?
- Self-love (a desire for your own well-being/happiness).
- Benevolence (desire/hope for happiness in others).
What is this 'top'?
The ability to reason.
What does this ability to reason allow us to do?
Where does come from?
How does the ability to reason link to conscience?
According to action, the action we take based on reason is human's conscience at work.
What does he state about the conscience?
That it is what separates us from animals.
What does he argue the conscience is?
Innate but not intuitive.
What does he argue that the conscience does?
Harmonizes other desires to enable humans to act in a moral way.
''as its very nature manifestly claiming superiority over all others...it would absolutely govern the world.''
What does he refer to the conscience as?
''our natural guide''.
- Frans De Waal.
- Is God a reliable source for a conscience?
Explain the Frans De Waal argument?
Morality in animals- examples of animals acting in a moral way such as chimps. Experiments revealed that a chimp would rather share its food rewards with another if it knew that the other was actually receiving food. Are we truly separate?
Explain the inconsistent argument?
Why do people's conscience tell them to do different things if our ability to reason comes from the same source? God's will doesn't change.
Sets found in the same folder
Fromm And The Conscience
Kohlberg And The Conscience
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