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Kohlberg And The Conscience
Terms in this set (38)
What is Kohlberg's work?
A direct extension of Piaget's work.
What did he develop?
6 stages/3 levels of moral development.
What does he argue?
That everyone goes through stages one to four and cannot regress. However, not everyone progresses to level three (stages five and six).
What is Level One called?
What stages are in level one?
- Stage 1: Obedience and Punishment.
- Stage 2: Individualism and Exchange.
What is obedience and punishment?
Avoid getting into trouble.
What is individualism and exchange?
What's in it for them? They seek to avoid pain and achieve pleasure. People get more selfish, will do things if they like the reward.
What do people in level one do?
Judge morality based on its direct consequences- a good thing has good consequences etc.
What do people think about in level one?
Firmly of themselves.
What do level one thinkers not care about?
What society sees as right or wrong.
Who are typically level one thinkers?
What could be argued as a criticism of level one?
That some people don't grow out of stage two.
What is Level Two called?
What stages are in level 2?
- Stage 3: Good boy/good girl.
- Stage 4: Law and order.
What is stage 3?
What makes me look good/will gain the approval of others? Receptive to praise rather than reward.
What is stage 4?
Will do something because its the law/a rule. Morality is no longer based on an individual, it's based on society's expectations.
What do people in level 2 begin to do?
Successfully judge the actions based on the expectations of society.
What does this judgement in level 2 show?
An acceptance of societies feelings on right and wrong.
What do level 2 thinkers do?
Follow society even if there is no sanction or praise for doing wrong or right.
Who are typically level 2 thinkers?
What do individuals in stage 3 do?
Conform to societies standards.
What are individuals in stage 3 receptive to?
Praise for good actions.
What do stage 3 thinkers see good actions as?
The foundation for relationships with others.
What do stage 4 thinkers see the importance of?
Following the rules and believe that they stem from maintaining a well functioning society.
What do stage 4 thinkers believe that morality is no longer based on?
What is morality predominantly dictated by for stage 4 thinkers?
An outside force.
What is level 3?
What are the stages in level 3?
- Stage 5: Social Contract.
- Stage 6: Principled Conscience.
What is stage 5?
They do things for the common good/welfare of others. They see their needs as greater than that of society- no longer follow absolute rules.
What is stage 6?
Personal integrity regardless of the price, you'll do whatever to enforce your view including breaking the law.
What do level 3 thinkers believe?
That individual needs are above societies.
What may level 3 thinkers do?
Break rules/the law.
What happens to societies rules for level 3 thinkers?
They become less absolutist.
Example of a stage 5/6 thinker?
5- Suffragists- peaceful protest.
6- Suffragettes- militant/law breakers.
What is meant by the law being social contracts?
The law is there to protect, and if it is followed individuals and society will be protected. E.G. If I don't hit someone and abide the law, it will protect me and I won't get hit.
Who are arguably stage 5 thinkers?
Utilitarians- greatest good reasoning.
What dilemma did he pose to analyse people's thinking?
The Heinz Dilemma.
What is the Heinz Dilemma?
A man needed £2,000 to get a drug that will save his wives life. He manages to scrape together £1,000 but the pharmacist won't sell it to him. Should he break into the lab and just steal the drug?
Sets found in the same folder
Piaget And The Conscience
Fromm And The Conscience
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