How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

59 terms

Endocrinology Test

Hormones that are needed to know for test
STUDY
PLAY
Tyrosine Derivatives
Thyroid hormones and catecholamines
Catecholamines
Epinephrine, Norepinephrine, and dopamine
Steroids
derived from cholesterol
Steroids
examples: cortisol and Progesterone and testosterone
Proteins/peptides
most common type of hormone
Adrenal Cortex
Hormone: Aldosterone, Cortisol and Corticosternone
Aldosterone
Sodium Retention
Cortisol
metabolism, stress, homeostasis
Adrenal Medulla
Hormone: epinephrine
Epinephrine
Too many affects to mention
GI tract
Hormones: Gastrin, CCK, Secretin
Gastrin, CCK, Secretin
Acid, bile, HCO3- secretion
Ovary
Hormones: Estrogens and Progesterone
Estrogens
Female Sexual Development
Progesterone
Estrus
Pancreas
Hormones: Glucagon and Insulin
Glucagon
increase of blood glucose
Insulin
decrease of blood glucose
Parathyroid
Hormones: Parathyroid hormones
Parathyroid hormone
increase in blood Ca+
Pinal
Hormone: Melatonin
Melatonin
Circadian Rhythms and pigmentation
Pituitary
Hormones: Many!
Testes
Hormones: Testosterone
Testosterone
Male Sexual Development
Thyroid
Hormones: T3 and T4 and Calcitonin
T3 and T4
growth metabolic rate
Calcitonin
decrease of blood Ca+
Anterior Pituitary
Hormones: GH, ACTH, TSH, FSH, LH and Prolactin
Posterior Pituitary
Hormones: ADH and Oxytocin
ACTH
target: Adrenal Cortex
TSH
target: thyroid
GH
target: somatic cells
FSH
target: ovaries and testes
LH
targets: ovaries and testes
Insulin
stimulus- high blood glucose level
Insulin
Target cells- liver, muscle and fat cells
Glucagon
stimulus- low blood glucose level
Insulin
receptor- tyrosine kinase
Glucagon
target cells- liver, muscle, fat
Glucagon
receptor- GPCR
Thyroid Hormone
stimulus- TSH from pituitary
Thyroid Hormone
liver, kidney, heart, CNS, muscle
Thyroid Hormone
Receptor- Intracellular
Growth Hormone
Stimulus- GHRH from hypothalamus
Growth Hormone
target cells- liver, fat, muscle, bone
Growth Hormone
receptor- tyrosine kinase
FSH
Stimulus- GnRH from hypothalamus
FSH
target cells in testes- sertoli cells
FSH
Receptor- GPCR
LH
Stimulus- GnRH from hypothalamus
LH
target cells in testes- Leydig Cells
LH
Receptor- GPCR
Testosterone
Stimulus- LH from anterior pituitary
Testosterone
Receptor- nuclear receptors
Estrogen
Stimulus- LH and FSH
Estrogen
Receptor- Intracellular receptors
Progesterone
Stimulus- LH and FSH
Progesterone
Target cells- uterus and mammary glands