59 terms

Endocrinology Test

Hormones that are needed to know for test
STUDY
PLAY
Tyrosine Derivatives
Thyroid hormones and catecholamines
Catecholamines
Epinephrine, Norepinephrine, and dopamine
Steroids
derived from cholesterol
Steroids
examples: cortisol and Progesterone and testosterone
Proteins/peptides
most common type of hormone
Adrenal Cortex
Hormone: Aldosterone, Cortisol and Corticosternone
Aldosterone
Sodium Retention
Cortisol
metabolism, stress, homeostasis
Adrenal Medulla
Hormone: epinephrine
Epinephrine
Too many affects to mention
GI tract
Hormones: Gastrin, CCK, Secretin
Gastrin, CCK, Secretin
Acid, bile, HCO3- secretion
Ovary
Hormones: Estrogens and Progesterone
Estrogens
Female Sexual Development
Progesterone
Estrus
Pancreas
Hormones: Glucagon and Insulin
Glucagon
increase of blood glucose
Insulin
decrease of blood glucose
Parathyroid
Hormones: Parathyroid hormones
Parathyroid hormone
increase in blood Ca+
Pinal
Hormone: Melatonin
Melatonin
Circadian Rhythms and pigmentation
Pituitary
Hormones: Many!
Testes
Hormones: Testosterone
Testosterone
Male Sexual Development
Thyroid
Hormones: T3 and T4 and Calcitonin
T3 and T4
growth metabolic rate
Calcitonin
decrease of blood Ca+
Anterior Pituitary
Hormones: GH, ACTH, TSH, FSH, LH and Prolactin
Posterior Pituitary
Hormones: ADH and Oxytocin
ACTH
target: Adrenal Cortex
TSH
target: thyroid
GH
target: somatic cells
FSH
target: ovaries and testes
LH
targets: ovaries and testes
Insulin
stimulus- high blood glucose level
Insulin
Target cells- liver, muscle and fat cells
Glucagon
stimulus- low blood glucose level
Insulin
receptor- tyrosine kinase
Glucagon
target cells- liver, muscle, fat
Glucagon
receptor- GPCR
Thyroid Hormone
stimulus- TSH from pituitary
Thyroid Hormone
liver, kidney, heart, CNS, muscle
Thyroid Hormone
Receptor- Intracellular
Growth Hormone
Stimulus- GHRH from hypothalamus
Growth Hormone
target cells- liver, fat, muscle, bone
Growth Hormone
receptor- tyrosine kinase
FSH
Stimulus- GnRH from hypothalamus
FSH
target cells in testes- sertoli cells
FSH
Receptor- GPCR
LH
Stimulus- GnRH from hypothalamus
LH
target cells in testes- Leydig Cells
LH
Receptor- GPCR
Testosterone
Stimulus- LH from anterior pituitary
Testosterone
Receptor- nuclear receptors
Estrogen
Stimulus- LH and FSH
Estrogen
Receptor- Intracellular receptors
Progesterone
Stimulus- LH and FSH
Progesterone
Target cells- uterus and mammary glands