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99 terms

Health Final

STUDY
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nuts
A source of incomplete protein
changed into fat for energy storage
Excess protein in the diet is
They aid in your body's absorption of certain vitamins
What is a primary function of fats in your diet?
10%-35%
The recommended daily intake of protein is ___ of total daily calories.
50 grams
For a person who weighs 64kg (about 140 pounds), adequate daily intake of protein is ___ .
4
Proteins supply the body with ___ calories of energy per gram.
9
Fats supply the body with ___ calories of energy per gram.
vitamins
Which of the following nutrients does not supply the body with energy?
adipose tissue
Which of the following is not made up of proteins?
protein building block
An amino acid is a
minerals
Which of the following are micronutrients?
must be obtained from food to meet physiological needs
Essential nutrients are best described as nutrients that
45
The approximate number of nutrients that have been identified as essential to human health is
kilocalorie
The amount of energy, in the form of heat, required to raise the temperature of 1 liter of water 1 degree is called a
fats
The major source of fuel for the body during rest and light activity is
incomplete
Foods from plant sources usually provide ___ proteins.
a variety of plant sources of protein
Vegetarians should eat
form important components of blood
Which of the following is not a function of fats?
all essential amino acids
Complete protein sources supply
complete
Foods from animal sources usually provide ___ proteins.
leptin
a horomone thought to be linked to obesity is
balancing calories consume with calories expended
Controlling body weight is best accomplished by
changing eating patterns linked to cultural values is usually easy
Which of the following statements about psychological and social factors in eating behavior is not true?
energy intake from food
Which one of the following elements in the energy balance equation is under individual control?
300
Since 1970, the average caloric intake among Americans has increased by about ___ calories.
an apple
An example of a snack low in energy density is
3500
A negative energy balance of ___ calories is needed to produce a one pound weight loss.
energy density
The number of calories per ounce or gram of weight in food is
67%
According to the National Institutes of Health, about ___ of American adults are overweight.
exercise on a regular basis
Metabolic rate is higher in people who
100,000
The number of premature deaths among Americans each year that can be attributed to inactivity and overweight is ___ or higher
emotional eating
A lifestyle factor which does not lead to successful weight management is
resting metabolism
Which of the following is the largest component of metabolism?
15
On average, Americans exercise ___ minutes per day.
three planned meals with planned healthy snacks
Which of the following patterns of eating is best for weight management?
higher the resting metabolic rate
The greater the amount of muscle mass, the
5-10
Weight loss of ___% of body weight is enough to reduce health risks and increase life expectancy in obese individuals.
genetic factors influence where on the body extra weight is added
Which of the following statements about genetic factors in obesity is true?
the energy required to maintain vital body functions
Resting metabolic rate is
60 or more minutes
How much daily physical activity is recommended for someone who is trying to maintain weight loss?
general physical and emotional state associated with the stress response
Stress is defined as the
cynical
Which term best fits a Type A personality?
hostility
Which one of the following characteristics is most closely associated with elevated risk of cardiovascular disease?
any physical or psychological event that produces stress
The term stressor is best defined as
affects body functions through the release of horomones
Which of the following best describes the endocrine system?
somatic
Making the choice to go for a walk to cope with stress is controlled by which nervous system?
learning new time-management skills
Which of the following is an example of an effective response to stress?
getting a flat tire
Which of the following is an example of a stressor?
they have a strong external locus of control
Which statement about people with hardy personalities is not true?
parasympathetic division
a division of the autonomic nervous system that is in control when you are relaxed and aids in digesting food, storing energy, and promoting growth
Type C personality
A person who has difficulty expressing emotions, suppresses anger, and feels hopeless
stress response
the physical and emotional changes associated with stress
fight-or-flight reaction
Your body begins releasing endorphins, your heart rate accelerates, and your hearing and vision become more acute
sympathetic division
a division of the autonomic nervous system that activates during times of arousal, including exercise, and when there is an emergency, such as severe pain, anger or fear
The somatic nervous system manage
conscious actions
Which of the following is NOT an example of an effective response to stress?
overeating
Which of the following describes a person with a Type B personality?
contemplative
Which of the following does NOT increase during the fight-or-flight reaction?
digestion
Homeostasis is defined as a state in which
vital functions of the body are maintained at a normal level
While cholesterol is important for many body functions, excess cholesterol is hazardous to health because it is deposited
on artery walls.
Which one of the following blood pressure readings would be considered healthy for a young adult?
110/80
The six major risk factors for cardiovascular disease that can be changed are
elevated cholesterol levels, tobacco use, high blood pressure, obesity, physical inactivity, diabetes.
The form of blood fat that carries cholesterol out from the liver to other parts of the body and can lead to cholesterol deposits on artery walls is
low-density lipoprotein (LDL).
For adults, a desirable level of total cholesterol is less than ________ mg/dl.
200
Which one of the following cholesterol profiles would place someone at greatest risk for heart disease?
low HDL and high LDL
The primary symptoms of hypertension is
nothing; it usually has no symptoms
A desirable level of HDL for adults is
60 mg/dl or more
Exercise alters blood fat levels by
raising HDL levels
The leading cause of death in the United States is
cardiovascular disease (CVD)
The form of cholesterol that shuttles cholesterol back to the liver for recycling is
high-density lipoprotein (HDL)
The National Cholesterol Education Program recommends that all adults have their lipoprotein levels measured at least once every
5 years
Which statement about how smoking harms the cardiovascular system is NOT true?
Smoking decreases plaque formation
People with hypertension, African Americans, and middle-aged and older adults should aim to consume no more than ______ mg sodium per day.
1500
Which of the following cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors are NOT modifiable?
family history of CVD
Sustained high blood pressure can be an indicator of
increased resistance to arterial blood flow
Exposure to ETS (environmental tobacco smoke) causes approximately _______ nonsmokers to die of heart diseases annually.
35,000
Smoking does NOT affect the cardiovascular system by
decreasing heart rate
The point for blood pressure at or above which an adult is diagnosed with hypertension is
140/90
A person with high blood pressure should NOT increase their intake of
red meat
The development of ___ is indicated by the formation of precancerous white patches in the mouth
leukoplakia
___ is the physical dependence on a drug
addiction
What group of Americans make up the largest percentage of new smokers?
children and young teens
Leukoplakia is a disease linked to:
smokeless tobacco
Is a poisonous gas that is colorless, odorless & tasteless:
carbon monoxide
For a person to become physiologically addicted to tobacco they would only have to smoke ___ packs of cigarettes
4
Clove cigarettes:
deliver more tar, nicotine, and carbon monoxide than regular tobacco
There are over ___ toxic chemicals in cigarette smoke
4,000
If something causes cancer, it is called:
carcinogenic
A form of tobacco that is inhaled through the nose is
snuff
What is the standard BAC for many states and WILL BE for all states within the next three years.
.08
Alcohol affects the brain in what order
cortex, sub-cortex, brainstem
Which of the following order effects the body when a person is using marijuana
brainstem, sub-cortex, cortex
The synergistic effect is a term that says:
one and one no longer equals two
The organ in the body that is most effected by drinking and is perhaps causes the most serious health problems is the:
Liver
is the common psychoactive ingredient in all alcoholic beverages
ethyl alcohol
For a person to be classifed as a binge drinker they would have to consume ____ or more drinks at a setting.
five
It takes the body approximately __ hour(s) to get one ounce of alcohol out of the body
one
Actually, alcohol _____ a person's sexual fucntions
decreases
Concerning the amount of alcohol in a glass of wine, a can of beer or a shot of whiskey:
the percentage between the three are very close