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They aid in your body's absorption of certain vitamins
What is a primary function of fats in your diet?
must be obtained from food to meet physiological needs
Essential nutrients are best described as nutrients that
The amount of energy, in the form of heat, required to raise the temperature of 1 liter of water 1 degree is called a
changing eating patterns linked to cultural values is usually easy
Which of the following statements about psychological and social factors in eating behavior is not true?
energy intake from food
Which one of the following elements in the energy balance equation is under individual control?
The number of premature deaths among Americans each year that can be attributed to inactivity and overweight is ___ or higher
three planned meals with planned healthy snacks
Which of the following patterns of eating is best for weight management?
Weight loss of ___% of body weight is enough to reduce health risks and increase life expectancy in obese individuals.
genetic factors influence where on the body extra weight is added
Which of the following statements about genetic factors in obesity is true?
60 or more minutes
How much daily physical activity is recommended for someone who is trying to maintain weight loss?
Which one of the following characteristics is most closely associated with elevated risk of cardiovascular disease?
affects body functions through the release of horomones
Which of the following best describes the endocrine system?
Making the choice to go for a walk to cope with stress is controlled by which nervous system?
learning new time-management skills
Which of the following is an example of an effective response to stress?
they have a strong external locus of control
Which statement about people with hardy personalities is not true?
a division of the autonomic nervous system that is in control when you are relaxed and aids in digesting food, storing energy, and promoting growth
Type C personality
A person who has difficulty expressing emotions, suppresses anger, and feels hopeless
Your body begins releasing endorphins, your heart rate accelerates, and your hearing and vision become more acute
a division of the autonomic nervous system that activates during times of arousal, including exercise, and when there is an emergency, such as severe pain, anger or fear
Homeostasis is defined as a state in which
vital functions of the body are maintained at a normal level
While cholesterol is important for many body functions, excess cholesterol is hazardous to health because it is deposited
on artery walls.
Which one of the following blood pressure readings would be considered healthy for a young adult?
The six major risk factors for cardiovascular disease that can be changed are
elevated cholesterol levels, tobacco use, high blood pressure, obesity, physical inactivity, diabetes.
The form of blood fat that carries cholesterol out from the liver to other parts of the body and can lead to cholesterol deposits on artery walls is
low-density lipoprotein (LDL).
Which one of the following cholesterol profiles would place someone at greatest risk for heart disease?
low HDL and high LDL
The form of cholesterol that shuttles cholesterol back to the liver for recycling is
high-density lipoprotein (HDL)
The National Cholesterol Education Program recommends that all adults have their lipoprotein levels measured at least once every
Which statement about how smoking harms the cardiovascular system is NOT true?
Smoking decreases plaque formation
People with hypertension, African Americans, and middle-aged and older adults should aim to consume no more than ______ mg sodium per day.
Which of the following cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors are NOT modifiable?
family history of CVD
Exposure to ETS (environmental tobacco smoke) causes approximately _______ nonsmokers to die of heart diseases annually.
The development of ___ is indicated by the formation of precancerous white patches in the mouth
For a person to become physiologically addicted to tobacco they would only have to smoke ___ packs of cigarettes
What is the standard BAC for many states and WILL BE for all states within the next three years.
Which of the following order effects the body when a person is using marijuana
brainstem, sub-cortex, cortex
The organ in the body that is most effected by drinking and is perhaps causes the most serious health problems is the:
For a person to be classifed as a binge drinker they would have to consume ____ or more drinks at a setting.
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