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24 terms

Radiographic Procedures I - Lesson 1 - Part 4

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Bony abdomen
Comprised of the pelvis and the lower vertebral column
Lower vertebral column
Includes the lumbar spine, sacrum, and coccyx
Iliac crest
Upper curved boder of the illium
Iliac crest
Lies at the level of the disc between L-4 and L-5
Diaphragm
Separates the thoracic and abdominal cavities
Diaphragm
Controlled by breathing; important to be in highest position for abdominal radiography (expiration)
Psoas muscles
Form much of the posterior wall of the abdomen on each side of the vertebral column; pair
Psoas muscles
Should see outline of _____ _______ on properly exposed abdominal radiograph
Primary digestive system
Mouth and pharynx, part of
Primary digestive system
Esophagus and stomach, part of
Primary digestive system
Large and small intestine, part of
Accessory digestive system
Teeth and sailvary glands, part of
Accessory digestive system
Liver, pancreas, gall bladder, part of
Peritoneal Sac
Double walled sac that encloses the abdominal cavity
Parietal layer
Adheres to the abdominal and greater pelvic walls and undersurface of the diaphragm
Visceral layer
Adheres to the organs in folds called mesentery and omenta
Peritoneal cavity
Narrow space between layers of the peritoneum
Stomach
Has two main openings, the cardiac orifice and the pyloric orifice
Cardiac orifice
Opening between esophagus and stomach
Pyloric orifice
Opening between distal stomach and small intestines
Stomach
Has three main subdivisions, the fundus, body, and pyloric antrum (portion)
Fundus
Upper portion of the stomach that usually contains air
Body
Main portion of the stomach; lies between fundus and pyloric portion
Pyloric antrum
Terminal portion of the stomach just prior to the pyloric orifice