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APUSH - The People: Chapter 1

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Europeans in the 15th century
agricultural people, lives had change little for several hundred years, small, warring countries; divided linguistically, politically, and economically
few families
wielded autocratic power over the majority of people
peasants
worked fields communally
Men in the 15th century
did the fieldwork, dominated all areas of life in Europe
Women in the 15th century
helped out at planting and harvest, childcare, household tasks. Inferior social, religious and economic positions
male aristocrats
hunted as a sport
European children
tightly controlled and subjected to harsh discipline
Pope
in charge of all religion in Europe, ran the Catholoic church
Muslims
dominated the commerce and geography of the Mediterranean world in the 15th century
Mediterranean merchants
needing a new way to reach their northern trading partners, ............ forged a maritime route to Antwerp.
Jews and Muslims
expelled from Spain after united
Guanche people
indigenous residents of the Canaries that were attacked, weakened by disease, and eventually defeated. Became slaves
Bartholomew Dias
rounded the southern tip of Africa
Vasco de Gama
reached India by sea
Portuguese
purchased slaves from Africa, and introduced black slavery into Europe
Christopher Columbus
funded by Spain (hoping to use riches of Africa to conquer Jerusalem) sailed to America
Tainos and Caribs
natives observed by Columbus, and called Indians
Florentine Amerigo Vespucci
published the idea that a new continent had been discovered
Martin Waldseemuller
labeled new continent America
Leif Ericsson and Norse people
sailed to North America from Greenland in 1001, named land Vinland
John Cabot
discovered North America - brought formal knowledge of continental coastland
conquistadors
traveled through the New World claiming in for Spain
Cortes
captured the Aztecs
World's Population
doubled in 300 years as a result of the Columbian Exchange
English "sea dogs"
raided Spanish Treasure fleets sailing from Caribbean
Sir Walter Raleigh
established Roanoke to trade with Indians and proved bases for attacks on New Spain
Thomas Harriot
published A Briefe and True Report of the New Found Land of Virginia - to publicize Raleigh's colony. Thought future colonists should deal more humanely with natives, stressed the benefits of European colonization.