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Europeans in the 15th century

agricultural people, lives had change little for several hundred years, small, warring countries; divided linguistically, politically, and economically

few families

wielded autocratic power over the majority of people


worked fields communally

Men in the 15th century

did the fieldwork, dominated all areas of life in Europe

Women in the 15th century

helped out at planting and harvest, childcare, household tasks. Inferior social, religious and economic positions

male aristocrats

hunted as a sport

European children

tightly controlled and subjected to harsh discipline


in charge of all religion in Europe, ran the Catholoic church


dominated the commerce and geography of the Mediterranean world in the 15th century

Mediterranean merchants

needing a new way to reach their northern trading partners, ............ forged a maritime route to Antwerp.

Jews and Muslims

expelled from Spain after united

Guanche people

indigenous residents of the Canaries that were attacked, weakened by disease, and eventually defeated. Became slaves

Bartholomew Dias

rounded the southern tip of Africa

Vasco de Gama

reached India by sea


purchased slaves from Africa, and introduced black slavery into Europe

Christopher Columbus

funded by Spain (hoping to use riches of Africa to conquer Jerusalem) sailed to America

Tainos and Caribs

natives observed by Columbus, and called Indians

Florentine Amerigo Vespucci

published the idea that a new continent had been discovered

Martin Waldseemuller

labeled new continent America

Leif Ericsson and Norse people

sailed to North America from Greenland in 1001, named land Vinland

John Cabot

discovered North America - brought formal knowledge of continental coastland


traveled through the New World claiming in for Spain


captured the Aztecs

World's Population

doubled in 300 years as a result of the Columbian Exchange

English "sea dogs"

raided Spanish Treasure fleets sailing from Caribbean

Sir Walter Raleigh

established Roanoke to trade with Indians and proved bases for attacks on New Spain

Thomas Harriot

published A Briefe and True Report of the New Found Land of Virginia - to publicize Raleigh's colony. Thought future colonists should deal more humanely with natives, stressed the benefits of European colonization.

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