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Earth and space sciences
Terms in this set (24)
the layer of gases that surround the Earth
the solid portion of the Earth that includes the crust, mantle, outer and inner core
all the waters on earth's surface, such as lakes and seas, and sometimes water over earth's surface including clouds
: the regions of the surface, atmosphere, and hydrosphere of earth that are occupied by living organisms
the height of an object above the level of the sea
fast, flowing air currents that generally move in a westerly direction
a layer of variable gases that is a form of oxygen and is found in the stratosphere; this layer absorbs ultraviolet radiation from the sun.
a measure of the amount of heat in a material, such as air
the mass per unit volume of matter (D = M/V)
energy from the sun, in the form of rays and can travel through space
energy transfer by contact
energy transfers by warm masses rising and cool masses sinking
the form of energy that is created by heat, or an increase in temperature
is a gas in the atmosphere that absorbs and emits thermal energy; greenhouse gases include: carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide.
most abundant permanent gas in the atmosphere (78% of atmosphere consists of Nitrogen)
second most abundant permanent gas in the atmosphere (21% of atmosphere consists of Oxygen)
variable gas found in the atmosphere
a continuous flow of surface ocean water in a prevailing direction and generated by the various forces (Ex. Wind, Coriolis Effect, tides)
is the large-scale movement of air by which heat is distributed on the surface of the Earth
the lowest layer of the atmosphere closest to Earth; most of Earth's air is found here and this is where weather occurs
the layer above the troposphere; the ozone layer is found in this layer
located above the stratosphere; this is the layer in which meteors burn up to create shooting stars and it is also the coldest layer
located above the mesosphere; not much is known about this layer, but there is not much air in this layer
the outermost layer, furthest from Earth's surface; relatively thick layer but contains very little air. It is the transitional layer between Earth's atmosphere and outer space.
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