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was a guerrilla conflict or civil war centered on the Darfur region of Sudan. It began in February 2003 when the Sudan Liberation Movement/Army (SLM/A) and Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) groups in Darfur took up arms, accusing the Sudanese government of oppressing non-Arab Sudanese in favor of Sudanese Arabs. It is also known as the Darfur Genocide.

One side of the conflict was composed mainly of the official Sudanese military and police, and the Janjaweed, a Sudanese militia group recruited mostly from the Arab Abbala tribes of the northern Rizeigat region in Sudan; these tribes are mainly camel-herding nomads. The other combatants are made up of rebel groups, notably the SLM/A and the JEM, recruited primarily from the non-Arab Muslim Fur, Zaghawa, and Masalit ethnic groups. Although the Sudanese government publicly denies that it supports the Janjaweed, it has been providing financial assistance and weapons to the militia and has been organizing joint attacks targeting civilians.[16][17] The Sudanese government uses oil revenues to fund a military capacity that is in turn used to conduct war in Darfur. Oil revenues collected from companies around the world fund the civil war as well as violations of international human rights and humanitarian law. Sudan's oil wealth has played a major part in enabling an otherwise poor government to fund the expensive bombers, helicopters and arms supplies which have allowed the Sudanese government to launch aerial attacks on towns and villages and fund militias to fight its proxy war in Darfur.
The government of Sierra Leone is not much different from ours in structure. However, they are having some difficulties running their country. The government is a democracy based on a constitution. So is America's. The legal system is based on the British system; America's is too. We have the same 3 branches of governement: executive, judicial, and legislative.

Even though they are trying to do pretty much the same things as our government, Sierra Leone's government is having a hard time controlling some people in their country. Some people might call Sierra Leone "fragile." For the past 8 years a civil war has been going on. There was a military takeover in 1992, and thousands of people have been maimed by a terrorist group that opposes the government. Even children have had hands and arms cut off!

To make matters worse, Liberia, the country right nest to Sierra Leone, is having an internal war. The refugees from Liberia are coming over into Sierra Leone to hide. The people of Sierra Leone don't yet know what the outcome will be of the hiding refugees, but it is adding a burden on Sierra Leone.

The basic needs of the people of Sierra Leone are similar to the needs of people worldwide. These include: food, clothing, and shelter. Most working people work in the agricultural field, growing food for themselves and their country. However, there is not much good land for farming. Since Sierra Leone is on the ocean, fish is plentiful and is the main food source. Even so, Sierra Leone must import food because the food they grow isn't enough to feed everybody. Other objects that are imported by Sierra Leone are: machinery, equipment, fuels, and lubricants