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52 terms

Reproductive system

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Where does sperm mature?
Epididymis
The delivery is divided into stages. what stage would the baby be delivered in?
2nd stage also known as expulsion stage
In utero the fetus is nourished by the what?
Placenta
Of the hormones necessary for mensturation, which comes from the ovary?
Estrogen
How many chromosomes will you find in a successfully fertilized egg?
23 pairs
The release of a mature egg from the ovary is called?
Ovulation
Menstruation is the term given for the actual shedding of the what?
Endometrium
What are the primary genatalia in a male?
Testes
The glands that are responsible for the production of milk?
Mammary glands
The outer layer if the uterus is called?
Perimetrium
What is an example of primary genatalia in a female?
Overies
In a human life cycle the fertilizes egg is called a?
Zygote
Which pair of chromosomes would result in the birth of a male?
XY
Which horomone is responsible for stimulating immature ovarian follicles start growing?
FSH
The phase of the menstural cycle that directly proceeds ovulation is called?
Proliferative phase
The lower part of the uterus is called the?
Cervix
The part of the uterus that lies above the point that the uterine tube attach are called?
Fundus
The smooth muscle layer of the uterus is called?
Myometrium
After ovulation the ruptured follicle is transformed into the hormone secreting structure called the?
Corpus Luteum
The gonads include what?
Testes and ovaries
The coiled tube that is comma shaped and lies ontop of the testes?
Epididymis
The reproductive cells are called what?
Gamets, ova, and sperm
The female will have all the eggs they will ever need by what age?
5 months before birth
The movement of semen out of the penis is called what?
Ejaculation
Prior to puberty testosterone does what?
Inhibits it/ stops it
Failure of the testes to descend into the scrotal sac is called?
Cryptorchidism
The absence of normal menstruation is called?
Amenorrhea
The abnormal collection a fluid within the testes is what?
Hydrocele
The blood test for prostate cancer is?
PSA (Prostate Specific Antigen)
This disorder increases with age and is relatively common with 50% of men between the ages of 40 and 70 having some degree of this disorder?
Erectile disfuction
A baby born before 37 weeks is
Premature
A procedure in which the amniotic sac is punctured and fluid is withdrawn is known as?
Amniocentisis
In animals females produce eggs and males produce?
Sperm
What stimulates ovulation?
LH (Lutenizing Hormone)
Another name for ovi duct is?
Fallopian tube
This gland surrounds the urethra?
Prostate gland
What is the most important male hormone?
Testosterone
The _____ is posterior to the bladder in males?
Seminal vesicles
What is a mixer of sperm, sugar, water and electrolytes?
Semen
The final stage of labor is called?
Placental stage
The female gonads are called the?
Ovaries
The fertilized egg is called the?
Zygote
When menstrual disorder is less than the females quality of life they may be diagnosed with?
Premenstrual Syndrome
Treatment of erectile disfunction depends on the?
?
Vaginitis is inflammation of the vagina usually caused by the microorganisms such as bacteria or?
Yeast
Following the birth, the baby is often fed by breast milk. One of the complications is what?
Mastitis
When cells make identical copies of themselves without the involvement of another cell the process is called?
asexual reproduction
The external female genitalia are known as the?
Vulva
What is painful menstruation?
Dysmenorrhea
What cancer is the most common malignancy among women and is the leading cause of death?
Breast cancer
What is the condition when the placenta separates from the uterus?
abruption
What pregnancy is also known as tubal pregnancy?
Eptopic pregnancy