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Art Ch. 6, 7, & 10

STUDY
PLAY
To make it easier to copy
Why did Edgar Degas draw a grid over his study of a dancer?
Chinese
The __________ are credited with the invention of paper around 105 C.E.
Pigment
The coloring material in virtually all drawing media is known as __________.
Graphite
Which media is the most forgiving of mistakes and changes of decisions?
Wire
Historically in silverpoint, lines were drawn with a silver __________ onto a surface coated with bone dust.
Conceptual Art
Sol LeWitt's "Wall Drawiing #766" is an example of __________ __________.
Pencil
Chris Ofili created "Prince Among Flowers" using __________ as his medium.
Crayons are oily
The main difference between crayons and chalk is that __________ __________ __________.
Installations
Raymond Pettibon often complicates the meanings of his drawings with __________.
Impressionism and pointillism
The style used by Georges Seurat in "Cafe Concert" is __________ and __________.
Architectural drafting
Julie Mehretu's use of the rapidograph and translucent mylar intentionally evoke __________ __________.
Cartoon
Pablo Picasso's study for "Guernica" can best be described as __________ drawings.
Picasso
Because this 20th-century artist dated most of his drawings over the course of his lifetime, we have nearly a complete visual record of his mind at work.
Faith Ringgold
This artist combined acrylics with quilting.
Gesso
A mixture of white pigment and glue.
Support
The surface on which the artist works on.
Fresco
Painting in wet plaster.
Cartoon
Preliminary/full size drawing.
Glaze
Thin/translucent
Impasto
Thick application of paint.
Collage
Pasting bits of paper, cloth or other material to the surface.
Mosaic
Pieces of tile, glass, or stone fitted together to make a pattern or image.
Jacob Lawrence
This artist is considered one of the leading figures in 20th century American art. He studied at the Harlem Art Workshop and worked for the WPS during the Great Depression.
Diego Rivera
This 20th century artist was a master of the fresco technique; he created the work "Mixtec Culture".
Encaustic
This painting technique first used in Egypt, Greece and Rome involves the use of wax.
Plaster Support
In bueno fresco, or true fresco, pigments are mixed with water and applied to a __________ __________.
Primer
After building a canvas and before painting, a painter generally applies a coat of __________.
Aqueous medium
Watercolor's primary characteristic is it's __________ __________.
Oil and ink sticks
Two ancient painting media that are still used today are __________ and __________ __________.
Binder
In oil painting, linseed oil acts as the __________.
Jan van Eyck
The first acclaimed artist to understand and exploit oil painting was __________.
Gouache
This watercolor that has been made opaque by adding insert white pigment to the color.
Acrylic paints
This new synthetic paint challenged oils as the principal painting medium.
Michelangelo and Raphael
Pope Julius II employed these Italian Renaissance artist to paint frescos for him. Who were they?
Collage
Picasso and Braque developed a technique called __________ created by gluing bits of paper to the canvas.
Nonaqueous
A __________ paint is one that dissolves in something other than water.
All in one go
Define Alla prima
Lautrec; Moulin Rouge
One of the most celebrated 19th century artists; he created posters for a famous dance hall. Name the artist and the dance hall.
Yin-yang
The ancient symbol from Chinese philosophy that embodies a worldview of mutual independence is called __________.
Graphic design
__________ __________ has it's roots in the printing press and the industrial revolution.
Cook and Shanonsky
This graphic design team developed the familiar set of symbols used today to communicate information across language barriers to international travelers.
Logo
This is often the first and key element in creating a complete corporate identity program.
Illustration
An image created to accompany words is called an __________.
Typography
The arrangement and appearance of letters in graphic design is called __________.
Layout
This is the designer's blueprint for books and magazines and other works in print.
Location and time
Cassidy Curtis's "Graffiti Archaeology is organized by __________ and __________- which is used to effectively display its subject.
Albert Durer
In 1525, with the advent of movable type this artist created a unified alphabet that could be mass produced.
Paul Rand
The American graphic designer who created some of the most memorable logos for IBM, UPS, and ABC.
2001
When was the iPod launched?
Andy Warhol
He was one of the first artists to acknowledge the power of graphic design to become part of our personal world.
Peppermelon
Fernando Sarmiento was one of the founders of an animation and design studio called __________.