3rd grade Chapter 3 Science study guide
Terms in this set (39)
How can a plant be classified?
-Color, size or shape
-Flowers, seeds or spores
-How they reproduce
What is a flowering plant?
Plants with seeds that grow flowers.
What is a deciduous trees?
Trees that grow flowers, lose their leaves in the fall and grow them back in the spring.
What is a Non-flowering plants?
Any plant that does not grow flowers to make seeds.
What kind of plant is a dogwood?
A flowering plant
Pine and spruce are examples of what kind of tree?
What are the 2 kinds of plants that make spores?
Ferns and mosses
What is a small cell that grows into a new plant?
What 4 things do plants need to grow?
Food, air, water and space to live
What are the 4 main parts of a flowering plant?
Leaves, roots, stems and flowers
The process by which plants use air, water, and energy from sunlight to make food is called what?
What is a gas in the air that is absorbed by most plants?
What is a gas in the air that plants and animals need to live?
What is the gas that passes out of the plant through tiny holes on the surface of the leaves called Stomata?
Where does photosynthesis take place?
In the middle of the leaf
When does photosynthesis start?
When carbon dioxide enters the plant's leaves.
What are the 5 things plants need to make food?
Water, sunlight, carbon dioxide, oxygen and leaves
What part of the plant uses water, air, and energy from sunlight to make food?
What are 2 ways leaves can help plants?
They can control the amount of water in the plant and protect the plant from being eaten.
What is a nutrient?
Any material needed by living things for energy, growth, and repair.
What is a root?
The part of the plant, usually below ground, which keeps the plant stable.
What is a taproot?
A plant with one large root.
What kind of root does a carrot have?
What is a fibrous root?
Many small roots that are spread out and grow close to the ground
What is the part of the plant that supports the leaves, flowers, and fruits?
Where does the cactus stem grow?
Above the ground
Where can vines grow?
Along the ground or on buildings
What is the process for a plant to make more of the same kind of itself?
What are the 2 basic parts of a flower?
Pollen and petals
What is the process by which an animal or wind carries or moves the pollen to the part of the flower that makes seeds?
What happens after pollination of a flower?
Seeds are formed near the center of the flower.
What is the process by which the seed can begin to grow?
What is a baby plant called?
Cones are made by what kind of plant?
What are the 2 types of cones made by a conifer plant?
Small pollen cones and large seed cones
What are the stages through which all living things pass?
The life cycle
What are the four stages of the life cycle of a flowering plant and a conifer plant?
1. Germinating seed
4. Adult plants with seeds
How does the Kalanchoe plant reproduce?
It uses its leaves to reproduce.
How big can the Titan Arum flower grow?
It can grow 1.5 to 3 meters tall