14 terms

Masters Exam

This is to memorize educational quotes and to review educational theories and subjects.
John Watson
Stimulus, Response, Reinforcement
B.F. Skinner
Operant Conditioning
Classical Conditioning
Positive reinorcement
Increases the probability of the same response occurring again.
Administering a painful or unpleasant reinforcer after an unwanted response. Decreases the probability of the same response occurring again
Negative reinforcement
Removing or decreasing an unpleasant or painful situation after a desirable response is produced. Increases the probability of the same response occurring again
claims that each learner constructs knowledge individually and socially.
Jean Piaget
Cognitive Constructivism
Sigmond Freud
Psychoanalytic Theory of Learning
Operant Conditioning
A behavior followed by a reinforcing stimulus results in an increased probability of that behavior occurring in the future.
assumes that behavior is observable and can be correlated with other observable events.Thus, there are events that precede and follow behavior.
Operant Conditioning
the idea that we behave the way we do because this kind of behavior has had certain consequences in the past.
Classical Conditioning
. An unconditioned stimulus (UCS) such as food, generates and instinctual reflexive, unlearned behavior, such as salivation when eating. The salivation was called an unconditioned response (UCR) because it was not learned. The bell, formerly a neutral sound to the dog, become a conditioned learned stimulus (CLS) and the salivation a conditioned response (CR).