Rosenhan (Sane in Insane Places)
Gnarls Barkley- Crazy
Terms in this set (43)
How many pseudo-patients?
What were the jobs of the pseudo-patients?
psychology grad student (in 20s), 3 psychologists, a pediatrician, a psychiatrist, a painter, and a housewife
Gender of the pseudo-patients?
3 women, 5 men
The presence of the pseudo-patients was or was not known by the hospital staff?
was not known
True or False: The pseudo-patients told their true occupation's in the records
FALSE: they alleged other occupations
The ___ different hospitals theat they picked were located in____ differen states on the east and weso coasts.
Study one tested....
How long it would take to realize that a person "faking" schizophrenia would be released from the hospital
Stooges attempt to gain entrance into the hospital faking symptoms of____.
There were words repeated in their heads...what did they say?
Were they all admitted?
Behavior of staff towards staff towards patients?
How did the patients feel?
Normal behavior was____. For example the writing was seen as...
misinterpreted; "engaged in writing behavior"
When did they show up for dinner?
How long did it take to be released?
a loooong time, on average
What were they diagnosed as?
schizophrenia in remission
Study two told the hospital...
that they would be sending in stooges they had to try and identify who was faking ( none were actually faking)
A small or large number were viewed to be "faking" by doctors and staff.
There was a lot of lies in this study...so ___ is a weakness.
what is the type 2 error?
Diagnose more who are not than not diagnose people who are (type two error)
The manual used to diagnose mental illnesses is___
The DSM 4
T or F: The hospitals varied: some were shabby, some were quite new
The voices were unfamiliar and of the ____ as the pseudo-patient
Beyond alleging the symptoms and falsifying name, vocation, and employment, were any other lies made?
Upon admission to the ward, did the pseudopatient show any type of abnormality?
Was any medication swallowed?
Initially, notes were written secretly, but it soon became apparent that...
NO ONE CARED, so then they just did it out in the open
Each case was discharged with a diagnosis of....
"schitzophrenia in remission"
Length of hospitialzation ranged from....
7 to 52 days
What ws the average hospitalization?
The patients responded by....
stating that the pseudopatient was not insane, and that they were a journalist or something
What is a type 1 error?
calling a sick person healthy
Judgements were obtained from ___ patients who were admitted for treatment.
the staff rated the patients on a ___ scale
3. The study by Rosenhan (sane in insane places) broke a number of ethical guidelines.
Outline one way in which the hospital staff were treated unethically. 
-One way in which the staff were treated unethically was that they did not know that they were being observed and recorded.
(b) If the study had been ethical, suggest what effect this would have on the results. 
-If the study had been ethical, as a result the staff would have treated the patients right and taken care of them individually. There also would not have been any validity whatsoever in this study.
4. The study by Rosenhan on being sane in insane places describes how a hospital rated all admissions over a three-month period on whether they were pseudopatients.
What were the results of this study? 
-The results of this study are as follows: 1. About 10% of the time a psuedopatient was mistaken as a real patient-23/193 by a psychiatrist, 41/193 by a member of the staff). It also took about 52 days, the lowest being 9 days, to be discharged.
What conclusions can we draw about psychiatric diagnosis from this study? 
-The conclusions we can draw are that it is difficult to diagnose mental disorders and that doctors would rather say someone is sick with one than say that they are healthy (to be on the safe side).
Two examples of how the hospitals mistreated the patients?
Two examples are as follows: the psychiatrists only viewed them with an average of 7 minutes per day (depersonalization) and they doctors and nurses only made eye contact with them 3% of the time (powerlessness). Possible Correct Answer: physical abuse, the 2% of time that they stopped and talked, medical records were open to all staff, toilets were open
One possible explanation for the depersonalizing behavior of the staff?
One possible explanation for the depersonalizing behavior of the staff is that they are short on staff and that they need to move quickly so they therefore do not have time to listen to the patients. Possible Correct Answer: stress of their job, understaffed, saw them as inferior, wanted to avoid uncomfortable situations, safety of the patients was kept in mind
Why did the health professionals make type two errors in their diagnoses?
a. Health professionals made type two errors in their diagnosis of the pseudo patients in the first experiment because it is preferred that a person be diagnosed as sick rather then as healthy because if they are really sick and diagnosed as healthy, then they will blame the doctor for this. As the saying goes, "It's better to be safe then sorry." Possible Correct: would rather diagnose a healthy person sick then a sick person healthy because it is a lot easier to backtrack the the type 1 error.
How did the health professionals make type one errors in the 2nd experiment by Rosenhan?
The health professionals made type one errors in the second experiment by Rosenhan by calling the crazy sane in a side experiment. The staff was told that they were going to encounter a stooge (when there was no stooge at all in fact) and in the process of trying to avoid the type 2 error, they made the type 1 error.
Give one reason why the privacy of the psychiatric patients may be evaded?
a. One reason why the privacy of psychiatric patients may be evaded is because they are dehumanized. They are thought to not be able to take care of themselves. Thus, the nurses and doctors help them perform in every aspect of their lives (i.e going to the bathroom). Possible: safety of individuals, no locking doors