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Florida Consent Decree
Terms in this set (35)
Limited English Proficient
English Language Learner
English for Speakers of Other Languages
English as a Second Language
Second Language (Target Language)
Purpose of the Florida Consent Decree
Address the Civil Rights of ELL students (right to equal access to all education programs)/ Provide structure that ensures the delivery of comprehensive instruction
What event occurred in 1990?
Colation of 8 groups represented by META (Multicultural Education Training Advocacy) brought class action suit against Florida State Board of Education
How did META's lawsuit against the school board end?
Suit was settled out of court/Consent decree is the settlement and mandate of court
What event occurred in January of 2003?
META appealed to the court to enforce that certified teachers who passed ESOL subject matter test must take/pass 120 hrs of ESOL service training (or 6 credit hours of college ESOL), Administrators must have 60 hrs in-service training, and ALL new teachers must be ESOL Endorsed (or 300 hrs ESOL in-service training
FL Consent Decree Sec. 1
Outlines what it means to be an LEP student, each student takes a survey that could flag them for additional testing
FL Consent Decree Sec. 2
LEP Students are entitled to all programs that could benefit their education. Every 3 yrs the student's LEP plan is updated/approved. ESOL programs have to follow the plan. Districts are required to apply all instructions.
FL Consent Decree Sec. 3
LEP Students are entitled to appropriate compensatory programs throughout education. Entitled to drop out prevention services. Entitled to programs to help with state testing and a 13th years if not meeting 10th grade standards.
FL Consent Decree Sec. 4
Lays out the requirements/criteria of incoming/existing ESOL endorsed teachers/administration. The district is responsible for ensuring all teachers have the access to this training.
FL Consent Decree Sec. 5
Monitoring of schools to make sure that student identification is done correctly and in compliance.
FL Consent Decree Sec. 6
Creation of equal system for schools that address equal access programs effectiveness. These compare LEP students and non-LEP students.
Home Language Survey (HSL)
ALL students must complete in Leon County, any "yes" answer on the survey triggers a mandated language assessment within 4 wks of the child's enrollment
LEP Comittee is comprised of...
ESOL Teacher, Classroom Teacher, Administrator, Guidance Counselor, Parents/Guardian, Social Worker, and school psychologist
How ESOL Students are identified in Leon County
1) Home Language Survey
2) English Language Proficiency Assessment
3) Ballard & Tighe IPT I Oral (K-6)/ Ballard & Tighe IPT II Oral (6-12) [Minimum Raw Placement Score-5]
4) Reading and Writing Assessment (Specific Depending on Grade Level)
5) Through ELL Committee
How ESOL Students are exited in Leon County
1) Student must attain English Language Proficiency in all the sections of the CELLA
2) Grades 3-9 also must score a 3 or higher on current year's FCAT
3) Grades 10-12 also must score on the FCAT a score that meets graduation requirements
4) Through ELL Committee (If necessary), who look through test scores and interview student
ESOL Programs available in Leon County
Mainstream Inclusion, Sheltered
Civil Rights Act Title VI (1964)
Prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, and national origin in programs and activities receiving federal financial assistance
Bilingual Education Act
First piece of legislation that recognized the needs of the limited English speaking ability students
Serna VS. Portales Municipal Schools (1972)
After defined evidence of Spanish surnamed students not reaching achievement levels, the court ordered Portales Municipal Schools to design an educational plan that addressed national origin minority students' needs by implementing a bilingual and bicultural curriculum.
Lau vs. Nichols (1974)
After the case of a group of Chinese students living in San Fransisco who claimed that they were not being accommodated and treating the same as their English speaking classmates, the Supreme Court ruled in favor of the students, thus expanding rights of students nationwide w/ limited English proficiency
Specified proper approaches/procedures for
1) Identifying/evaluating LEP students
2) Determining appropriate instructional treatments
3) deciding when an LEP is ready for mainstream learning
4) determine standards for teachers of LEP students
Equal Educational Opportunities Act (EEOA) 1974
Prohibits discrimination against faculty, staff, and students and requires school districts to take action to overcome barriers to students' equal participation
Riots vs Reed
Federal district court of New York found Pastchogue-Medford School District's transitional bilingual program inadequate. Office of Civil rights began visiting school with large % of ELLs.
Castaneda vs. Pickard 1981
Set the standards for the courts in examining programs for LEP students:
1) A pedagogically sound plan for LEP students
2) Sufficient/qualified staff to implement the plan
3) A system established to evaluate the program
Plyler vs Doe 1981
US Supreme a court ruled that although illegal aliens were not citizens, they were in fact people and that the 14th amendment applied to them and gave illegal immigrant children a free public education
Gomez vs. Illinois State Board of Education 1987
The 7th Circuit Court of Appeals found that state education agencies as well as local education agencies are required under the EEOA to ensure that the needs of the limited English Proficient children are met.
Improving America's schools Act 1994 (IASA)
Reauthorized the Elementary and Secondary Act of 1965. Included provisions for the title 1 program, charter schools, safe/drug free schools, Eisenhower professional development, major increases in bilingual & immigrant education funding, impact aid, and education technology.
No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) 2001
Real theorized the Elementary and Secondary Act. Required states to develop assessments in basic skills. In order to receive funding, all schools must give these assessments. Each state developed their own standards.
Alexander Vs Sandoval (2001)
A US Supreme Court decision which held that a regulation enacted under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 did not include a private rig of action to allow private lawsuits based on evidence of disparate impact.
California Proposition 227 (1998)
Requires public schools to teach LEP students in special classes that are taught nearly all in English. Shortens the time LEP students stay in special classes. Eliminated most programs in the state that provided multi-year special classes.
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