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18 terms

TX History: Chapter 18 & 19 Quiz Study

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Texas was a frontier state far from the large cities and markets of the U.S., transportation was slow and expensive, Texas lacked valuable raw materials that industrial centers in the North had.
What three details support the fact that modern manufacturing came slowly to Texas?
John Henry Kirby
Who was known as the Prince of Pines and help make lumber one of the leading industries in Texas at the start of the twentieth century?
company town
Some lumber companies became so large that they each established a _______________ near the property where employees could live, work, shop, worship, and play together.
scrip
Employees who lived in company towns were paid in ______
Money that could be spent only at the company store.
What is scrip?
Big Thicket National Preserve
Over the years, the lumber industry leveled many forests, and in 1974, the ___________________ was created to protect more than 84,000 acres of forest.
quarry
An open pit from which stone is obtained by digging, cutting, or blasting.
fossil fuel
Nonrenewable source of energy underground
strip mining
Method of mining that strips away layers of earth and rock
Texas Federation of Labor
Organization that worked to support and defend wage earners
Fort Worth
Texas's primary meatpacking center in the late 1800s
by-product
Something produced in addition to the main product
tenant farming
Renting land on which one lives and farms
subsistence farming
Families grew all the goods needed with little left over to sell.
sharecropping
When a tenant farmer pays for his land rental with a share of his crop
free land grants
The Texas goverment paid for the contruction of the railroads by issuing ______ _______ _______ along the path of the tracks.
cotton
No crop made more money in Texas then:
Labor Union
an association of workers formed to gain better wages and working conditions