65 terms

APLAC vocab final

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Allegory
A story, poem, or picture that can be interpreted to reveal a hhidden meaning, typically a moral or political
Alliteration
The occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words
Allusion
An expression designed to call something to mind without mentioning it explicitly; an indirect or passing reference
Anadiplosis
Repetition of last word/phrase from previous line at the beginning of the next
Analogy
A comparison between two things, typically for the purpose of explanation or clarification
Anaphora
Repeating the same word or phrase at the beginning of successive lines or clauses
Antanaclasis
a form of speech in which a key word is repeated and used in a different, and sometimes contrary, way for a play on words
Antimetabole
Involves repeating a phrase in reverse order
Antithesis
The pairing of opposites to create contrast
Aphorism
A pithy observation that contains a general truth
Apostrophe
Am exclamatory passage in a speech or poem addressed to a person or thing
Appeal to logos
Mostly employs the utilization of inductive and deductive reasoning methods to be effective
Appeal to ethos
Represents credibility or an ethical appeal which involves persuasion by the character involved
Appeal to pathos
Is a quality of an experience in life or a work of art that stirs up emotions of pity, sympathy and sorrow
Asyndeton
is a stylistic device used in literature and poetry to intentionally eliminate conjunctions between the phrases and in the sentence, yet maintain the grammatical accuracy. This literary tool helps in reducing the indirect meaning of the phrase and presents it in a concise form.
Authorial purpose
Reason an author writes, esp to persuade, inform, and entertain
Chiasmus
Two or more clauses are related to each other through a reversal of structures in order to make a larger point; that is, the clauses display inverted parallelism.
Claim
State or assert that something is the case, typically without providing evidence or proof
Cliche
Phrase or opinion that is overused and betrays a lack of original thought
Colloquial
Used in ordinary or familiar conversation
Connotation
An idea or feeling that a word invokes in addition to its literal or primary meaning
Deductiom
Based on logical analysis and reasoning of available facts
Denotation
Literal or primary meaning of a word, in contrast to the feelings or ideas that the word suggests
Diction
Word choice
Didactic
Intended to teach
Ellipsis
Omission of unnecessary words
Epistrophe
Repetition of a word at the end of successive clauses or sentences
Euphemism
Mild or indirect word or expression substituted for one considered to be too harsh
Figurative Language
Saying something other than what is literally meant for effect
Formal language
Language used in academic journals and official documents
Hyperbole
Exaggerated statements or claims not meant to be taken literally
Imagery
Visually descriptive language
Inductive
Characterized by inference
Irony
Figure of speech wherein words are used in a way other than intended meaning
Juxtaposition
Placing two things together for contrasting effect
Litotes
Ironical understatement in which an affirmative is expressed by the negative of its contrary
Loose sentence
Main point of sentence is at beginning
Metaphor
Comparison without using like or as
Metonymy
the substitution of the name of an attribute or adjunct for that of the thing meant, for example suit for business executive.
Mood
A temporary state of mind or feeling
Motif
Decorative image or design especially a repeated one forming a pattern
Onomatopoeia
When a word sounds like what it is
Oxymoron
Figure of speech in which apparently contradictory terms appear in conjunction
Paradox
a statement or proposition that, despite sound (or apparently sound) reasoning from acceptable premises, leads to a conclusion that seems senseless, logically unacceptable, or self-contradictory.
Parallelism
Correspondence in some way
Pedantic
a person who is excessively concerned with minor details and rules or with displaying academic learning.
Periodic sentence
Sentence where main idea is by period
Persona
Aspect of someone's character that is presented to or perceived by others
Personification
Attribution of a personal nature or human characteristics to something non-human
Polysyndeton
Several coordinating conjunctions used for artistic effect
Repetition
Saying something more than once
Rhetorical question
Question asked to provoke thought
Sarcasm
Harsh words using praise to mock
Satire
Literary work which ridicules and contempts vices and follies
Simile
Comparison using like or as
Speaker
Person or group who creates a text
Syllogism
Logical argument using deductive reasoning to reach a conclusion
Symbolism
Usage of a material/object to represent something abstract
Synesthesia
the production of a sense impression relating to one sense or part of the body by stimulation of another sense or part of the body.
Syntax
Arrangement of words and phrases to create well-formed sentences in a language
Thesis statement
Sentence towards the beginning that is developed, explained, and supported throughout the work
Tone
Shows attitude toward subject and toward audience
Understatement
Presentation of something as being smaller or less good or important than it really is
Voice
Individual writing style of an author
Zeugma
a figure of speech in which a word applies to two others in different senses or to two others of which it semantically suits only one.