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James and Parliament 1603- 1625

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Goodwin vs. Fortescue 1604
Fortescue backed by the King
Goodwin won the election and backed by parliament
Court of Chancery
neither won the seat, but parliament won the right to decide disputed elections
Shirley's Case 1604
parlimentary privileges
was arrested for debt
parliament sent the governor of the fleet debtors prison to the tower
James released Shirley
Union of Scotland and England 1604- 1607
James wanted to unite the two
Parliament said no
Crown Privileges, Purveyance and Wardship
royal prerogatives, James started to abuse it.
Purveyance- Parliament offered £50,000 a year. Cecil and James said no.
Wardship- crown ran land to the ground or sold it. Parliament tried to buy it, James said no.
Bate's Case 1606
John Bates imported currents
James put an extra tax on all imports
Bates took to the Court of the Exchequer and lost.
Parliament annoyed.
Apology of the House of Commons 1606
not an apology, defending their own rights
1) feel threatened by the King
2) owed free speech and freedom from arrest
3) King can't change religion without permission
James threw it away
James' Expenditure
1606 crown debt was £750,000, 1603- £150,000
Conspicuous Consumption-
giving away £80,000 to his friends
clothes, horses, arts, alcohol, young aristocratic men
The Great Contract 1610
Robert Cecil (Lord Salisbury) died in 1612
Crown would stop feudal dues but needed an annual income, and a lump sum to pay off debts
parliament offered £200,000
James said no, but didn't bother parliament otherwise he wouldn't have to depend on them at all.
Parliament Dismissed 1610- 1614
fall out and are dismissed
The Addled Parliament 1614
argued about undertakers
corrupt politics
James is desperate for money, due to daughter Elizabeth's marriage and son Henry's funeral
argue and James dissolves them
next parliament in 1621
The Overbury Scandal 1615- 1616
Robert Carr (Rochester) and Lady Essex who is already married
helped by Sir Thomas Overbury
James worried about a scandal, Overbury refuses to go abroad and is sent to the tower
Lady E. sends him a poison pie
Rochester and Lady E. charged with murder, but James lets them off= MAJOR SCANDAL
Factions and Buckingham 1618- 1625
Rochester falls from favour= rise of Buckingham
Howard Faction:
Duke of Norfolk, Earl of Northampton
Pro- Catholic
Pro- Spanish
Anti-Howard Faction:
Buckingham
Protestant
Anti-Catholic
for a cheap naval war
Cockayne Project 1615- 1617
Alderman Cockayne
plan to make cloth in England
Europeans wouldn't buy it, so failed miserably
English cloth trade collapsed- principal trade = unemployment, popular anger
city stopped lending money to James
= illegal taxation and Cranfield's reforms
Parliament 1621 and 1624
1621- argue about money, war, monopolies and Chancellor Bacon, Charles cause trouble
1624- Charles and Buckingham let discuss foreign policy
1625- relationship bad, and James dies.
The Remonstrance 1621
reinstate their liberties and privileges
right to discuss matters on state and protection of freedom of speech
"ancient and undoubted birthright and inheritance of the subjects of England"