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LHS AP Test Review #1
Review of terms including the Revolutionary War, Early National Period, and War of 1812
Terms in this set (50)
First Great Awakening
religious revivals during the 1730s and 1740s
Most important leader of first Great Awakening. Most famous sermon is titled "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God," was an appeal to parishioners to repent
Published "Poor Richard's Almanac," devoted himself to public service and was present at signing of Declaration of Independence and Constitution
First permanent English colony in New World, established in 1607
Document written and signed by Pilgrims on the Mayflower in 1620, establishing organized government in Massachusetts
system established by Virginia Company as an incentive to settlement by giving land to people in New World as long as they payed own way
Maryland Toleration Act
Guaranteed that Christians would not be persecuted for their religious beliefs
Salem Witch Trials
hysteria caused when women were accused of being witches
Albany Plan of Union
1754 Plan to oversee colonial interests of defense, Native American relations, trade, and settlement of the West
(1756-1763) Also known as "7 Years War," Great Britain fought France for control of North American Continent. Britain wins, but falls in to debt as a result
1633 act required all goods going to the British colonies has to be routed through England
Proclamation of 1763
British ruled that colonists were to be prohibited from settling west of the Appalachian Mountains.
British policy that allowed the colonies to grow and develop unsupervised
1765 act that placed a tax on all legal documents
Tax on imports of tea, glass, and paper
King George III
King of Great Britain during American Revolution
March 1770, 5 colonists killed after British soldiers fired in to a crowd while being harassed
Boston Tea Party
1773 event in response to British passing Tea Act. Colonists refused to buy cheaper tea from British East India Company. Sons of Liberty dressed up as Indians and dumped tea in to Boston Harbor
Also known as Intolerable Acts. British passed laws in response to Boston Tea Party. Port of Boston was closed and more soldiers were to be quartered in Boston
Pamphlet written by Thomas Paine. He attacked Colonies allegiance to Great Britain and called for Independence
Declaration of Independence
Written by Thomas Jefferson, signed on July 4, 1776. Colonies declare their Independence from Great Britain
Battle of Lexington and Concord
April 1775, first battle of the American Revolution
Battle of Saratoga
Turning point battle of American Revolution. American victory that persuaded France to come and aid the Americans against Britain
Battle of Yorktown
Last battle of American Revolution where Lord Cornwallis surrendered to George Washington
A plot hatched in 1783 by officers in the Continental Army to oust Congress in a coup and set up a military dictatorship.
Treaty of Paris (1783)
Treaty officially ends American Revolution. Great Britain would now recognize the United States as an independent nation
Articles of Confederation
First government of U.S. Weak government as it did not allow government to tax
Enacted in 1787, it is considered one of the most significant achievements of the Articles of Confederation. It established a system for setting up governments in the western territories so they could eventually join the Union on an equal footing with the original 13 states
Series of essays that defended the Constitution and tried to reassure Americans that the states would not be overpowered by the federal government.
Uprising led by Daniel Shays in an effort to prevent courts from foreclosing on the farms of those who could not pay the taxes. Conflict caused many to criticize the Articles of Confederation and admit the weak central government was not working; led to meeting of Constitutional Convention
Convention of United States statesmen who drafted the United States Constitution in 1787
Compromise made by Constitutional Convention in which states would have equal representation in one house of the legislature and representation based on population in the other house
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments of the U.S. Constitution, containing a list of individual rights and liberties, such as freedom of speech, religion, and the press.
In 1794, farmers in Pennsylvania rebelled against Hamilton's excise tax on whiskey, and several federal officers were killed in the riots caused by their attempts to serve arrest warrants on the offenders. In October, 1794, the army, led by Washington, put down the rebellion. The incident showed that the new government under the Constitution could react swiftly and effectively to such a problem, in contrast to the inability of the government under the Articles of Confederation to deal with Shay's Rebellion.
1794 - It was signed in the hopes of settling the growing conflicts between the U.S. and Britain. It dealt with the Northwest posts and trade on the Mississippi River. It was unpopular with most Americans because it did not punish Britain for the attacks on neutral American ships. It was particularly unpopular with France, because the U.S. also accepted the British restrictions on the rights of neutrals.
The treaty between America and Spain in 1795 which granted America practically all they demanded, including navigation of the Mississippian the territory north of Florida. Was a direct result of Jay's Treaty due to France's fear of an Anglo-American alliance.
Judiciary Act 1789
In 1789 Congress passed this Act which created the federal-court system. The act managed to quiet popular apprehensions by establishing in each state a federal district court that operated according to local procedures.
Bank of the United States
Hamilton's plan to solve Revolutionary debt, Assumption highly controversial, pushed his plan through Congress, based on loose interpretation of Constitution
Washington objected to this French ministers plan to hire American Privateers to fight on the high seas for France and against England.
Presidential message in which Washington warned the nation to avoid both entangling foreign alliances and domestic "factions" (political parties); the ideas of the address became the basis of isolationist arguments for the next 150 years.
Alien and Sedition Acts
A series of four laws enacted in 1798 to reduce the political power of recent immigrants to the United States
Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions
Written anonymously by Jefferson and Madison in response to the Alien and Sedition Acts, they declared that states could nullify federal laws that the states considered unconstitutional.
A 1797 French attempt to bribe the United States by demanding money before discussing French seizure of neutral American ships
The U.S., under Jefferson, bought the Louisiana territory from France, under the rule of Napoleon, in 1803. The U.S. originally were just trying to acquire New Orleans. The U.S. paid $15 million for the Louisiana Purchase, and Napoleon gave up his empire in North America. The U.S. gained control of Mississippi trade route and doubled its size.
Lewis and Clark Expedition
1804-1806 - Meriwether Lewis and William Clark were commissioned by Jefferson to map and explore the Louisiana Purchase region. Beginning at St. Louis, Missouri, the expedition travelled up the Missouri River to the Great Divide, and then down the Columbia River to the Pacific Ocean. It produced extensive maps of the area and recorded many scientific discoveries, greatly facilitating later settlement of the region and travel to the Pacific coast.
Marbury v. Madison
1803 case establishes the Supreme Court's power of Judicial Review
War of 1812
War between U.S. and Great Britain that resulted from Britain's support of Indian hostilities along the frontier, interference with American trade, and impressments of American sailors into the British army (1812 - 1815)
Battle of New Orleans
Last battle of War of 1812, British defeated by General Andrew Jackson
Meeting of Federalists near the end of the War of 1812 in which the party listed it's complaints against the ruling Republican Party. These actions were largley viewed as traitorous to the country and lost the Federalist much influence
Treaty of Ghent
Treaty that ended the War of 1812 and maintained prewar conditions
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