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Ch. 14 Self Confidence
Terms in this set (42)
a belief that you can successfully perform a desired behavior.
social cognitive construct that can be more traitlike or more statelike
True or False Self-confidence is a person's belief in what she can do physically, not what she can do mentally.
Confidence you feel today and unstable
Part of your personality and very stable
a belief or expectation that helps to make itself true
several types of self confidence
confidence about one's ability to execute physical skills
confidence about one's ability to use psychological skills
confidence to use perceptual skills
confidence in one's level of physical fitness and training status
confidence in one's learning potential or ability to improve one's skill
arouses positive emotions, facilitates concentration, affects goals, increases effort, affects game strategies, affects psychological momentum, affects performance
benefits of self confidence
inverted U; optimal self confidence means you are not under or over confident; Skewed right towards overconfident
Being so convinced that you can achieve your goals that you will strive hard to do so. Does not mean you will always perform well, but essential in reaching your potential.
lack of confidence
focus on shortcomings rather then strengths, distracting themselves from concentrating on the task at hand.
creates anxiety, breaks concentration, and causes indecisiveness.
confidence greater than its warrants. performance declines because they believe they don't have to prepare themselves or exert effort to get the job done
constructs, sources, consequences, factors
components of the sports confidence model
constructs of sports confidence
confidence in decision making skills, confidence in physical skills and training, confidence in resiliency
sources of sports confidence
achievement, self-regulation, and social climate
consequences of sport confidence
athlete's affect, behavior, and cognitions.
level of sport confidence would continuously interplay with these three elements. High levels of confidence arouse positive emotions are linked to productive achievement behaviors such as effort and efficient use of cognitive resources such as attributional patterns, attentional skills, and coping strategies
factors influencing sport confidence
organizational culture, demographic culture, personality characteristics
steps in the expectation-performance relationship
coaches form expectations of their athletes and teams (come from race, size, sex, economic stats)
Performance during tryouts, practices, scrimmages, games, etc.
-step 1: Coach develops an expectation for each athlete that predicts the level of performance/type of behavior that athlete will exhibit over the course of the yea
-step 2: Coaches' expectations influence their behavior
-step 3: Coaches' behaviors affect athletes' performance
-step 4: Athlete's performances confirm coaches' expectations
frequency/quality of coach-athlete interaction, quality/quantity of instruction, type/frequency of feedback
types of categories that coaches behaviors fall into
perception of one's ability to perform a task successfully, is really a situation-specific form of self-confidence
performance accomplishments, vicarious experiences (modeling), verbal persuasion, imaginal experiences, physiological states, and emotional states
sources of self-efficacy
provide the most dependable foundation for self-efficacy judgments because they are based on one's mastery
increase self-efficacy, which in turn increases subsequent performance
for performers who lack experience with a task and rely on others to judge their own capabilities
attention, retention, motor reproduction, motivation
people must give careful attention to the model
ability to recall or recognize things learned or experienced
for people to learn effectively from modeling, they must commit the observed act to memory.
observer has to be able to replicate the action
A psychological factor that provides a directional force or reason for behavior.
If a significant other gives you positive motivation towards the task, the performer's self efficacy level will increase
individuals can generate beliefs about personal efficacy by imagining themselves effectively or ineffectively in future situations
influence self-efficacy when individuals associate aversive physiological arousal with poor performance, perceived incompetence, and perceived failure
reflected in physiological changes, overt actions, and subtle changes in tone and postural control
performance, acting confident, thinking confidently, using imagery, goal-mapping, optimizing physical conditioning, and preparing.
how confidence can be improved
tends to occur when people perceive that they have control
Rosenthal and Jacobson
selected a random sample of students and informed their teachers that these pupils could be expected to show rapid intellectual growth. they tested the IQ of all pupils and re-tested a year later. They speculate that the teachers encouragement and positive feedback produced a self-fulfilling prophecy
efficacy in game strategy
confidence that coaches have in their ability to coach during competition and lead their to a successful performance
motivation coaching efficacy
confidence that coaches have in their ability to affect their psychological skills and states of their athletes
confidence that coaches have in their instructional and diagnostic skills
confidence that coaches have in their ability to influence a positive attitude toward sport in their athletes
community support and years of experience
best predictors of coaching efficacy
performance, acting confident, thinking confidently, using imagery, goal-mapping, optimizing physical conditioning, preparing
strategies build for building self-confidence
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