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31 terms

Geog. Ch 7

STUDY
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Accent
a dialect difference that involves pronunciation
Caste
a group in the rigid social hierarchy of Hinduism
Cognate
a word that clearly looks or sounds like one in another language to which it is related historically
Creole
a pidgin language that has become a mother tongue
Dialect
a variation within a language
Drift
changes and errors in how a language is used that accumulates over time
etymology
the study of the origin and history of words
fundamentalism
the strictest adherence to traditional religious beliefs
isogloss
a line around places where speakers use a linguistic feature in the same way
isolate
a language unrelated to its neighbors
language
a set of words, plus their pronunciation and methods of combining them that is used and understood as communication with a group of people
language family
languages that are related by descent from a common protolangage
liberation theology
the belief putting the problems of overcoming poverty at the heart of Christianity
Lingua Franca
a second language held in common for international discourse
Monotheism
belief in the existence of only one god
Official language
the language in which legal documents are kept in a country
orthography
the study of writing or a system of writing
polyglot state
a country that grants legal equality to two or more languages
proselytize
to try to convert others to your religious beliefs
root language or protolanguage
the common ancertor language to any group of several of today's languages
secularism
a lifetstyle or policy that deliberately ignores or excludes religious considerations
Shamanism
a belief in the power of mediums who characteristically go into autohypnotic trances, during which they are thought to be in communication with the spirit world
Sharia
Islamic teachings that are often incorporated into law in Islamic countries
Speech community
a group of people who speak together
standard language
the way any language is spoken and written according to formal rules of diction and grammar
syncretic religion
a religion that combines two or more traditional religious practices
terrorism
violent acts intended to frighten and to intimidate for politcal ends a civilian population beyond the immediate victims
theocracy
a form of government where a church rules directly
toponymy
the study of place names
untouchable
one of a group of people considered so low that their status is below the formal structure of the Hindu Caste system
zionism
the belief that Jews should have a homeland of their own