Pages 274-281 in Write for College.
Terms in this set (123)
what happens in a story: the events or conflicts.
a story in which people, things, and actions represent an idea or generalization about life.
a reference in literature to a familiar person, place, thing, or event.
a comparison of two or more similar objects, suggesting that if they are alike in certain respects, they will probably be alike in other ways, too.
a short summary of an interesting or humorous, often biographical incident or event.
the person or thing working against the protagonist, or hero, of the work.
an author's account or story of her or his own life.
the story of a person's life written by another person.
a picture or an imitation of a person's features or mannerisms exaggerated to appear comic or absurd.
a short piece of writing that reveals or shows something important about a person or fictional character.
the method an author uses to reveal or describe characters and their various personalities.
the turning point, and usually the most intense point, in a story.
literature with a love story at its core.
the problem or struggle in a story that triggers the action.
person vs. person conflict
one character in the story has a problem with one or more of the other characters.
person vs. society conflict
a character has a problem with some element of society: the school, law, the accepted way of doing things, and so on.
person vs. self conflict
a character has a problem deciding what to do in a certain situation.
person vs. nature conflict
a character has a problem with some natural happening: a snowstorm, an avalanche, the bitter cold, or any other element of nature.
person vs. fate (God) conflict
a character must battle what seems to be an uncontrollable problem.
the set of facts or circumstances surrounding an event or a situation in a piece of literature.
an established technique or device in literature or in drama.
the final solution or outcome of a play or story.
deus ex machina
a person or thing that suddenly appears, providing a solution to a difficult problem.
the conversation carried on by the characters in a literary work.
an author's choice of words based on their correctness, clearness, or effectiveness.
language that is old-fashioned and no longer sounds natural when used, as "I believe thee not" for "I don't believe you."
an expression that is usually accepted in informal situations and certain locations, as in "He really grinds my beans."
the specialized language used by a specific group, such as those who use computers: override, interface, download.
language that shows disrespect for someone or something regarded as holy or sacred.
the language used by a particular group of people among themselves; it is also language that is used in fiction and special writing situations to lend color and feeling: awesome, chill out.
expressions that lack depth or originality, or are overworked or not worth mentioning in the first place.
language that is generally considered common, crude, gross, and, at times, offensive.
literature that instructs or presents a moral or religious statement.
the form of literature known as plays; but drama also refers to the type of serious play that is also concerned with the leading character's relationship to society.
a literary work (or part of a literary work) in which a character is speaking about him- or herself as if another person were present.
literature that generally refers to the prose and poetry created during the reign of Elizabeth I (1558-1603)
putting yourself in someone else's place and imagining how that person must feel.
a long narrative poem that tells the deeds and adventures of a hero.
a brief, witty poem or expression often dealing with its subject in a satirical manner.
a short poem or verse written in memory of someone.
a word or phrase used in place of a person's name; it is characteristic of that person: Alexander the Great, Material Girl, Ms. Know-It-All.
a piece of prose that expresses an individual's point of view; usually it is series of closely related paragraphs that combine to make a complete piece of writing.
overstating or stretching the truth for special effect.
writing that is intended to make clear, or explain, something that might otherwise be difficult to understand.
a highly emotional form of dramatic expression exploring the ultimate nature of human experience.
a short, fictional narrative that teaches a lesson.
the action of a play or story that works out the decision arrived at during the climax.
literature based on a highly humorous and highly improbable plot.
language used to create a special effect or feeling.
figure of speech
a literary device used to create a special effect or feeling by making some type of interesting or creative comparison.
an opposition, or contrast, of ideas.
an exaggeration, or overstatement.
a comparison of two unlike things in which no word of comparison (as or like) is used.
the substituting of one word for another that is closely related to it.
a literary device in which the author speaks of or describes an animal, object, or idea as if it were a person.
a comparison of two unlike things in which a word of comparison (like or as) is used.
stating an idea with restraint (holding back) to emphasize what is being talked about.
going back to an earlier time (in a story) for the purpose of making something in the present clearer.
giving hints of what is to come later in a story.
refers to a category or type of literature based on its style, form, and content.
a type of fiction that is often characterized by gloomy castles, ghosts, and supernatural or sensational happenings--creating a mysterious and sometimes frightening story.
the words or phrases a writer selects to create a certain picture in the reader's mind.
the recording of events or situations as they have been impressed upon the mind as feelings, emotions, and vague thoughts; realism deals with objective facts.
using a word or phrase to mean the exact opposite of its literal or normal meaning.
irony in which the reader or the audience sees a character's mistakes or misunderstandings, but the character him- or herself does not.
irony in which the writer says one thing and means another.
irony of situation
irony in which there is a great difference between the purpose of a particular action and the result.
the use of details that are common in a region of the country.
the type of pun, or play on words, that results when two words become jumbled in the speaker's mind.
an exaggerated form of drama (as in television soap operas) characterized by heavy use of romance, suspense, and emotion.
an early play form, also known as a cycle play, dramatizing Christian history in episodes--from the beginning to the Last Judgement.
the feeling a piece of literature arouses in the reader: happiness, sadness, peacefulness, etc.
the particular value or lesson the author is trying to get across to the reader.
a type of allegorical drama (fifteenth century) making a moral or religious point.
an often-repeated idea or theme in literature.
a traditional story that attempts to explain a natural phenomenon or justify a certain practice or belief in society.
writing that relates an event or a series of events: a story.
the person who is telling the story.
an extreme form of realism in which the author tries to show the relation of a person to the environment or surroundings.
the period of English literature (through the eighteenth century) influenced by classical arts and literature.
a lengthy fictional story with a plot that is revealed by the speech, action, and thoughts of the characters.
a prose work longer than the standard short story, but shorter and less complex than a full-length novel.
a combination of contradictory terms, as in jumbo shrimp, tough love, or cruel kindness.
a short, descriptive story that illustrates a particular belief or moral.
a statement that seems contrary to common sense yet may, in fact, be true: "The coach considered this a good loss."
a form of literature intended to mock a particular literary work or its style; a comic effect is intended.
a Greek root meaning suffering or passion.
the voice or personality an author assumes for a particular purpose.
a novel consisting of a lengthy string of loosely connected events.
the action or sequence of events in a story.
the graphic display of the action or events in a story: exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, and resolution.
a term that describes a character "getting what he deserves" in the end, especially if what he deserves is punishment.
an imaginative response to the experience reflection a keen awareness of language.
point of view
the vantage point from which the story is told.
the main character or hero of the story.
a word or phrase that is used in such a way as to suggest more than one possible meaning.
features a main character who is seeking to find something or achieve a goal.
literature that attempts to represent life as it really is.
writing based on the writer's memory of a particular time, place, or incident.
the period of history following the Middle Ages.
the portion of the play or story in which the problem is solved.
the series of conflicts or struggles that build a story or play toward a climax.
a form of literature that presents life as we would like it to be rather than as it actually is.
the use of praise to mock someone or something, as in "He's a real he-man," "She's a real winner."
a literary tone used to ridicule or make fun of human vice or weakness, often with the intent of correcting, or changing, the subject of the satiric attack.
the time and place in which the action of a literary work occurs.
a brief fictional work.
a form of low comedy that makes its appeal through the use of exaggerated, sometimes violent action.
slice of life
a term that describes the type of realistic or naturalistic writing that accurately reflects what life is like.
a speech delivered by a character when he or she is alone on stage.
a pattern or form that does not change.
stream of consciousness
a style of writing in which the thoughts and feelings of the writer are recorded as they occur.
the form or organization a writer uses for her or his literary work.
how the author uses words, phrases, and sentences to form his or her ideas.
a person, a place, a thing, or an event used to represent something else: the dove is a symbol of peace.
the statement about life a particular work is trying to get across to the reader.
the overall feeling, or effect, created by a writer's use of words.
the general impression a literary work leaves on the reader.
a literary work in which the hero is destroyed by some character flaw and by forces beyond his or her control.
a character who experiences an inner struggle because of a character flaw.
a philosophy that requires human beings to go beyond (transcend) reason in their in their search for truth.
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