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40 terms

World History -CST REVIEW

Day one
STUDY
PLAY
Hebrews
Ethnic group that believed in monotheism and that they had a covenant with God.
Monotheism
Belief in only one god
Indus River
Location where the first civilizations of India started
Silk Road
Trade route that connected China, India, Persia and Europe during ancient times.
Confucianism
"The duty of children to their parents is the foundation from which all virtues spring" aka. show respect to one's family.
Great Wall
Wall built to seperate the Chinese from the barbarians
Inventions of the Ancient Chinese
Magnetic Compass, Gunpowder, Paper
Importance of geography on Greece
Mountains created isolation. Islands led to trade and colonization
Homer
Wrote the epic poems the Illiad and the Odyssey
Galileo
the father of modern observational astronomy, he confirmed that sun was the center of the universe, yet his discovery cause conflict with the church authorities.
Sparta
City-state of ancient Greece based on military values.
Athens
City-state of ancient Greece based on democracy and the arts.
Democracy
Political system developed in the city-state of Athens
Socrates
"The unexamined life is not worth living", also know as challenge the authority through questioning.
Plato
"The objects we see with our senses are simply reflections of the "Ideal Form". Wrote the book "The Republic" about perfect government.
Aristotle
Analyzed and classified things based on observation and investigation
Alexander the Great
Spread Greek culture into Egypt, Middle East, Persia and India
Roman Republic
Political system where officials are elected to serve the needs of the citizens
Gladiators
Slaves in the Roman Empire who fought to death as entertainment
Colosseum
Famous Roman ampitheater that was the site of gladitorial contests, mock sea battles, etc.
Jesus
Founder of Christianity
Christianity
Changed the social values of the Roman people and the army to a more peaceful view.
Islam
"Submission to the will of Allah"
Muhammad
Founder of the religion of Islam
Quran
Holy scriptures of Islam
Jihad
Holy struggle by a Muslims for a moral or spiritual goal
Mongols
Asian nomadic people who held the worlds largest Empire and was able to control China, India, Middle East and parts of Western Europe.
Mosque
Muslim place of worship
Feudalism
The economic and political system that developed in Europe during the Middle Ages
Magna Carta
The "Great Charter," in which the king's power over his nobles was limited, agreed to by King John of England in 1215.
Ten Commandments
a set of biblical principles relating to ethics and worship to God, which play a fundamental role in Judaism and most forms of Christianity.
Inquisition
A Catholic court established to judge heretics and excommunicate protestants.
Crusades
A series of military expeditions in the 11th, 12th, and 13th centuries by Western European Christians to reclaim control of the Holy Lands from the Muslims.
Black Death
An outbreak of bubonic plague that was spread by rats and fleas killing a third of Europe's population.
Hinduism
a body of religious and philosophical beliefs and cultural practices native to India and characterized by a belief in reincarnation
Buddhism
the teaching of Buddha that life is permeated with suffering caused by desire, that suffering ceases when desire ceases
Qin Dynasty
the Chinese dynasty (from 246 BC to 206 BC) that established the first centralized imperial government
Confucius
Chinese philosopher (circa 551-478 BC)
Martin Luther
a priest and protest the church corruption/ inspire a massive reformation of Christianity.
Mesopotamia
in Greek, it means between two rivers ( the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers)