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Arts and Humanities
History of Europe
Terms in this set (26)
a major change in European thought, starting in the mid-1500s, in which the study of the natural world began to be characterized by careful observation and the questioning of accepted beliefs.
Revolution with his
the idea that the earth and the other planets revolve around the sun
Continued the work of Nicolaus Copernicus. Showed the mathematical equation that proved that the earth and other planets went around the sun.
Italian scientist, he built his own telescope. He announced that Jupiter had four
moons and that the sun had dark spots.
logical procedure for gathering information about the natural world, in which experimentation and observation are used to test hypotheses
English writer who helped develop the scientific method
Helped develop the scientific method by using mathematics. He was a mathematician
English scientist who created the laws of gravity
an 18th-century European movement in which thinkers attempted to apply the principles of reason and the scientific method to all aspects of society
the agreement by which people define and limit their individual rights, thus creating an organ- ized society or government.
Philosopher, criticized monarchy and favored self government
Rights that are given to you since birth. Life, liberty, and property
Real name François Marie
Arouet, a famous philosophe
than 70 books of political essays, philosophy, and drama
influential French writer, devoted himself to the study of political liberty.
Jean Jacques Rousseau
A great philosophe, passionately committed to individual freedom, believed that the only good government was one that was freely formed by the people and guided by the "general will" of society
published an essay called A Vindication of the Rights of Woman in 1792. A strong advocate of education for women.
a social gathering of intellectuals and artists, like those held in the homes of wealthy women in Paris and other European cities during the Enlightenment.
relating to a grand, ornate style that characterized European painting, music, and architecture in the 1600s and early 1700s
relating to a simple, elegant style (based on ideas and themes from ancient Greece and Rome) that characterized the arts in Europe during the late 1700s.
one of the 18th century european monarchs who was inspired by Enlightenment ideas to rule justly and respect the rights of subjects.
Catherine the Great
The ruler most admired by the philosophe. Ruled Russia from 1762 to 1796.
Declaration of Independence
a statement of the reasons for the American colonies' break with Britain, approved by the Second Continental Congress in 1776.
the main author of the Declaration of Independence.
a system of government in which power is divided between a central authority and a number of individual states.
Bill of Rights
the first ten amendments to the U.s. Constitution, which protect citizens' basic rights and freedoms.
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