35 terms

Environment & Global Warming

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Global warming
An average increase in the temperature of the atmosphere.
Non-renewable resource
A natural resource that cannot replenish itself at all or fast enough to meet demands.
Renewable resource
A natural resource that can be replenished.
Natural resource
Anything found in the environment that we use.
Fossil fuels
An energy-rich substance formed from the remains of organisms (animals and plants).
Source of energy
Where we get energy from (renewable and non-renewable resources)
Greenhouse effect
The trapping of heat near the Earth's surface by certain gases in the atmosphere.
Climate change
Any significant change in climate lasting for an extended period of time.
Atmosphere
The gaseous area surrounding the Earth.
Carbon cycle
The series of processes by which carbon compounds are interconverted in the environment, involving the incorporation of carbon dioxide into living tissue by photosynthesis and its return to the atmosphere through respiration, the decay of dead organisms, and the burning of fossil fuels.
Pollution
Damage caused to land, water, air by harmful substances or waste.
Carbon monoxide
The poisonous gas formed by the burning of carbon, especially in the form of car fuel
Aerosol cans
A dispenser that holds a substance under pressure and that can release it as a fine spray (usually by means of a propellant gas)
Deforestation
The cutting down of trees in a large area; the destruction of forests by people.
Contamination
The state of being made dirty.
Toxic waste
Poisonous waste materials; can cause injury (especially by chemical means)
Agriculture
The science or practice of farming, including cultivation of the soil for the growing of crops and the rearing of animals to provide food, wool, and other products.
Melting ice caps
The thick mass of glacial ice and snow that permanently covers an area of land, such as either of the polar regions or the peak of a mountain, which is melting.
Threat to animal habitats
Habitat destruction is the process by which natural habitat is damaged or destroyed to such an extent that it no longer is capable of supporting the species.
Desertification
The process by which land changes into desert.
Drought
A long period when there is little or no rain.
Hurricanes
A storm with a violent wind, in particular a tropical cyclone in the Caribbean.
Earthquakes
a sudden violent movement of the Earth's surface, sometimes causing great damage
Flood
A large amount of water covering an area that is usually dry.
Oil slick
A layer of oil that is floating over a large area of the surface of the sea, usually because an accident has caused it to escape from a ship or container.
Eco-system
The complex of a community of organisms and the community's environment functioning as an ecological unit.
Marine life
Eco-systems under the sea.
Polar regions
North or South Pole / Arctic + Antartica
Famine
Extreme scarcity of food.
Bush fires
A fire in scrub or a forest, especially one that spreads rapidly.
Sustainable development
A development that is causing little or no damage to the environment and therefore able to continue for a long time.
Recycle waste
To collect and treat rubbish to produce useful materials which can be used again.
Energy conservation
The process of conserving energy
Catalytic converter
A device incorporated in the exhaust system of a motor vehicle, containing a catalyst for converting pollutant gases into less harmful ones.
Preservation
The action of maintaining and caring for something (like the environment)