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32 terms

Ch. 11 KI3, Projection Types, Diffusion Types, 1st Law of Geography 4.24.12

STUDY
PLAY
Mecator Projection
shows extreme distortions
ex: Alaska, Antarctica, Greenland appear huge
Robinson Projection
areas, shapes, distance, or direction isnt accurate; cartographers use this projection.
Fuller Projection
keeps land masses accurate in shape and size but rearranges direction
Peter's Projection
keeps land masses at an accurate size
Everything is related to everything else, but near things are more related than distant things.
What is the first law of geography?
Spatial
how a "thing" moves over space
ex: technology
Expansion
thing or process being spread stays in it's origin while being spread
Contagious
transmitted over space b/c people who carry it are close to each other.
ex: common cold
Hierarchical
transmission from one place to another.
ex: music adapted to places of high level interaction first then makes it way across the country
Peripheral locations
Where have factories in MDCs started to locate?
Site & Situation Factors
Why were factories located in cities?
find land suitable for manufacturing
Cities found it difficult to __ __ __ ___ ___.
Modern factory
type of factory most likely in suburban or rural areas
South & West
Manufacturing shifted toward where in the US?
1/6
Manufacturing jobs grew by __/__ in the 1970s.
government policies to reduce historical disparities
Idustrial growth in south was stimulated by __ ___ __ ___ ___ ____.
Right to work law
requires a factory to maintain a so-called "open-shop" and prohibits a "closed shop".
organize factories, collect dues, bargain with employees
The right to work law made it difficult to do three things. Name them.
1920 South California
Aircraft manufacturing began when & where?
Los angeles
U.S.'s largest area of clothing & textile production
Spain
country w/ most rapid manufacturing growth since the late twentieth century
Catalonia
Spain's leading industrial region
China
leading new industrial country
80%, 20%
Steel production during 1980's.
(MDC,LDC)
45%, 55%
Steel production from 1980-2005.
(MDC, LDC)
low cost labor and largest market for many consumer products
China's two principal assets to manufacturing are?
Hong Kong, Yangtze River valley, Guangdong
China's manufacturing is clustered where?
Mexico & Brazil
leading industrial center in Latin America
Labor & proximity to market
Central Europe offers 2 important site & situation factors. Name them.
Open-shop
union & company may not negotiate a contract that requires worker to join a union
Closed shop
company & union agree that everyone must join the union to work in the factory.
Maquiladora
factories built by U.S. company in Mexico near the U.S. border to take advantage of low labor cost in Mexico.