Benchmark Study guide Social Studies Q.2
Terms in this set (47)
What were Roman lands split into in order to maintain total control?
Know the major contributions that Romans made on modern society
domes and concrete
What groups invaded the Roman Empire (list them)
goths, huns, barbarians, persians, vandals,germanic warriors, slavs
Why was The Arabian Peninsula so successful with trade?
surrounded by 3 continents and water
What contributions to mathematics did the Islamic Empires make?
What country did Muslims fail to conquer in Europe?
What was Muhammad thought to be in his own words?
What style of writing was created to emphasize the beauty of the Arabic Language?
Why did nomads of the Arabian Peninsula live in clans?
they gave you protection you safe from the climate and other people
Know the similarities of Islam, Christianity and Judaism
they all have holy books
What was the Sunnah based off of?
the hadith, muhammad
What is required of Muslims 5 times a day?
Due to trade with the Middle East, many African officials adopted what religion?
Who were the leaders of North Africa during the 700's?
What type of lifestyle was created due to the harsh nature of the Arabian Peninsula?
What did Zheng He's voyages bring to China?
new goods and spread chinese culture and increased china's wealth
What factor most likely led to the development of the Imperial State in China?
there was a centralization of the government
What Chinese invention forever changed the way books were created?
wood block printing
Know the differences between Confucianism and Neo-Confucianism
neo confucianism had a religious/spiritual aspect
What new version of this crop was invented by the Tang and Song dynasties?
What was a major export for the Tang and Song Dynasties, which many Europeans craved for its beauty?
What government program did Kublai Khan get rid of when he took power?
civil services exam
What was gunpowder first used for?
What invention had the greatest impact on the age of exploration?
Did the Mongol leaders trust Confucian officials when they first gained control of China?
The epic story about the beginning of the Mali Empire told the story of a famous warrior named who?
Why did the Niger River become a profitable site for farmland that helped Mali and Ghana?
What objects were traded between North Africa and Mali/Ghana?
salt and gold
Which group of people is most responsible for introducing Islam into Ghana and Mali?
What geographical region of Africa has scattered trees, with vast lands covered in tall grass and grazing animals?
Which African leader made a famous pilgrimage to Mecca?
What allowed for the development of major West African cities between the 4th and 16th centuries?
trade and population increased
Who were the storytellers of West Africa?
Why was West Africa History told orally?
they never had a written language
Most West African residents converted to this religion 1, read this holy book 2 , and spoke this language...3
What country did Japan adopt the idea of selecting qualified people for the government from?
What does the word Japan mean in Chinese?
land of the rising sun
Who actually held power in the lord-vassal society of Japan?
Japanese Samurai were not concerned with wealth and did not have to show compassion to the enemy.
Prince Shotoku welcomed workers from what nearby country?
The exchange of ideas between China, Japan and Korea led to the blending of what two religions?
shinto and buddhism
What does the Zen, in Zen Buddhism represent?
What is the purpose of practices Buddhism or Zen Buddhism?
to achieve nirvana
What was a popular form of decorative writing in Japan?
Early writers in Japan during the Heian people were typically whom?
What form of poetry was very popular in Medieval Japan?
What were the roles of Samurai in Japan's society?
to protect all members all members of japan's society