the three components of__________are initiation of effort, direction of effort, and persistence of effort
McClelland's Learned Needs Theory identifies three needs. They are the needs for:
power, achievement, and affiliation
which of the following statements about needs is true?
higher-order needs will generally not motivate people as long as lower-order needs remain unsatisfied
on the basis of research evidence, the two basic needs categories are:
higher-order and lower-order needs
a group of actors gather to read the critical reviews of the new play they presented to audiences last night. The actors are looking for________rewards
managers can motivate employees to increase their efforts by:
asking employees what their needs are then matching rewards to those needs
what practical steps can managers take to motivate employees to increase their effort?
satisfy employees' lower-order needs before attempting to satisfy higher-order needs
according to_____,people will be motivated when they perceive they are being treated fairly
how do employees try to restore equity when they perceive that they have been treated unfairly?
by doing any of them
______is the perceived degree to which outcomes and rewards are fairly distributed or allocated
the_________states that people will be motivated to the extent to which they believe that their efforts will lead to good performance, that good performance will be rewarded, and that they are offered attractive rewards
in expectancy theory,______ is the perceived relationship between performance and rewards
users of GM Master Cards earn money toward the purchase of a new General Motors car or truck every time they use this credit card to make purchases. The rebate increases the more times the credit card is used. GM is using:
effective managers define____as the process of influencing others o achieve group or organizational goals
which of the following is a major concern of leaders (as opposed to managers)?
inspiring and motivating others
which of the following statements about leaders and managers is true?
organizations need both leaders and managers
the term____refers to subordinate, task, and or organizational characteristics that make leaders redundant or unnecessary
the term____refers to subordinate, task, or organizational characteristics that can interfere with a leader's actions or make it impossible for a leader to influence followers' performance
relatively stable characteristics such as abilities, psychological motives, or consistent patterns of behavior, form the basis for the___of leadership
leaders who possess the trait of_are more decisive and assertive and more likely to gain others' confidence
successful business leaders are not like other people. Successful business leaders:
are accurately described by all of these
college football coaches are often high in_____. They design every facet of practices, set goals, for their players, determine schedules, and even direct all of the plays during the game
research shows that while initiating structure impacts primarily on____, consideration impacts primarily on_____.
job performance; job satisfaction
which of the following is an example of situational theory of leadership?
Fiedler's contingency theory
which of the following leadership theories assumes that leadership styles are consistent and difficult to change
none of these
which of the following approaches to implementing Fielder's contingency theory in the workplace has proven effective?
accurately measuring and matching leaders to situationss
which of the following is NOT one of the four leadership styles identified in the path-goal theory of leadership
the two types of worker readiness identified by the Hersey and Blanchard's situational thepry are:
job readiness and psychological readiness
according to the Hersey and Blanchard's situational theory, which of the following is NOT an example of a leadership style?
the normative decision theory
helps managers determine how much employee participation should be used in decision making
the two kinds of charismatic leaders are referred to as:
ethical charismatic and unethical charismatic
____generates awareness and acceptance of a group's purpose and mission and gets employees to see beyond their own needs and self-interest for the good of the group