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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. family dynamics on parenthood
  2. Impact of cognitive development (NOT ON STUDY GUIDE)
  3. Authoritarian
  4. influences impact of divorce: stress
  5. stepfathers (NOT ON STUDY GUIDE)
  1. a not much of a relationship. But higher quality care associated with better outcomes in specific areas. Some evidence for positive impact of day care on cognitive tasks
  2. b life's golden age is when the kids are too old to need babysitters and too young to borrow the family car. THe best way to keep kids at home is to give it a loving atmosphere- and hide the keys to the car. Oh, to be only half as wonderful as my child thought I was when he was small, and half as stupid as my teenager now things I am. Avenge yourself- live long enough to be a problem to your children
  3. c feel less close to stepchildren. tend to be polite at first(not disciplining or monitoring), but become distant and disengaged with time.more conflict between children and stepfather(bidirectional causes). Kids with stepfathers more prone to depression
  4. d (high demandingness, low responsiveness)cold/unresponsive to child's needs. extremely controlling and/or demanding. Expect children to comply without question. use threats and punishments to exercise parental power
  5. e economic, social isolation; more irritable, less warm, less consistent parenting, less able to monitor children

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. can be better than home for impoverished children but, only to the degree that care is HIGH QUALITY
  2. disturbed attachment as infants. poor peer relationships in childhood. in adolescence, exhibit: antisocial behavior, poor self regulation, internalizing problems(e.g., depressing,withdrawal), more likely to use drugs, engage in sex, low academic and social competence
  3. on average; high self-esteem, high achievement motivation, competent in peer relationships. compared with children with siblings; more obedient, slightly intellectually advanced
  4. responsiveness; degree of parental warmth. demandingness; degree of parenting control
  5. competent(social and acedemic). self-assured, self-reliant. popular with peers. exhibit control over their behavior. low in antisocial behavior and drug use

5 True/False questions

  1. effects of childcare on developmentbig issue growing--more and more mothers are working outside the home; in 1995: 45% infants under 1 year and 78% of 4 year olds were in day care. 21% receive care from relative, 18% from non-relatives, 31% in day care. Both ways argues


  2. Divorce factsapproximately 1 million children experience divorce each year. about half of these acquire stepparent within 4 years. about 10% experience two divorces before age 16


  3. sociocultural context matter: for 1st generation chinese american adolescentsauthoritarian parenting does not equal negative effects; lower levels of deviant behavior. higher academic competence


  4. parental beliefs and values related to SESlow SES value conformity in children, high SES value independence and autonomy.


  5. Maternal employment&childcare: some casesmaternal employment in US increased from 17% to 72% between 1955 and 1988.


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