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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. sociocultural context matter: african american adolescents
  2. Bidirectionality
  3. all instances of divorce are not negative
  4. Potential effects of divorce
  5. influences impact of divorce: parental conflict
  1. a parent-child interactions is the idea that parents affect children's characteristics, and vice versa. over time, this effect reinforces and perpetuates each party's behavior
  2. b authoritarian parenting does not equal negative effects; lower levels of deviant behavior. higher academic competence
  3. c greater risk for psychological, social, academic, and relationship problems. greater risk of divorce for themselves. slightly greater risk fro emotional disorders(anxiety& depression). but most (75%-80%) do not suffer significant enduring problems
  4. d distress, may cause insecurity
  5. e girls in mother headed households;may become more resilient and self-reliant following divorce. High conflict marriages; it may be better to divorce than put children through the stress

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. on average; high self-esteem, high achievement motivation, competent in peer relationships. compared with children with siblings; more obedient, slightly intellectually advanced
  2. difficult position--expected to enforce discipline and run household, causing conflict between step moms and kids. very little known about step moms relationship with stepchildren--stepmoms are rare
  3. child's age--younger more easily accept stepparent. supportive stepparenting has positive impact. Girls have more trouble with stepparent than boys. Adjustment better when custodial parent is authoritative and when stepparent is warm and involved. Custodial parent's attitude towards stepparent
  4. direct instructors, indirect socializers, providers and controllers of opportunities. All parents use these to socialize their children.
  5. behavior(direct and indirect effects), availability of social support, development of children

5 True/False questions

  1. stepparenting (NOT ON STUDY GUIDE)feel less close to stepchildren. tend to be polite at first(not disciplining or monitoring), but become distant and disengaged with time.more conflict between children and stepfather(bidirectional causes). Kids with stepfathers more prone to depression


  2. family dynamicshow the family operates as a whole. All members influence each other in multiple ways. Not just behavior that affects other family members, but nature too(e.g., biological characteristics of parents and children
    (key concept, can explain)


  3. low socioeconomic statusmore likely authoritarian.


  4. impact on self regulation and social behavior (NOT ON STUDY GUIDE)day care for many hours a day and many different caregivers related to more problem behaviors. Risk of problem behavior increases with # of hours spent, especially in center care


  5. influences impact of divorce: age of childharder for younger children to understands, afraid of abandonment; older children have trouble with adjustment, especially if stepparent