5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Divorce facts
- contributions to family dynamics
- low socioeconomic status
- Contact with non-custodial fathers (NOT ON STUDY GUIDE)
- a approximately 1 million children experience divorce each year. about half of these acquire stepparent within 4 years. about 10% experience two divorces before age 16
- b more likely authoritarian.
- c behavior(direct and indirect effects), availability of social support, development of children
- d parent-child interactions is the idea that parents affect children's characteristics, and vice versa. over time, this effect reinforces and perpetuates each party's behavior
- e frequency of contact not especially important for adjustment. but quality of contact does not matter
5 Multiple choice questions
- direct instructors, indirect socializers, providers and controllers of opportunities. All parents use these to socialize their children.
- economic, social isolation; more irritable, less warm, less consistent parenting, less able to monitor children
- distress, may cause insecurity
- maternal employment in US increased from 17% to 72% between 1955 and 1988.
- varies greatly from family to family, and even from child to child in a given family
5 True/False questions
sociocultural context matter: african american adolescents → lower in competence(social and academic). unhappy and unfriendly. low in self-confidence
sibling relationships: only child (NOT ON STUDY GUIDE) → first born; higher achievers(higher"need for achievements"). later born; more popular,outgoing, risk-takers
Level of education related to parental values → highly educated parents view kids as active participants in learning
Baumrind(1973) 4 parenting styles: → varies greatly from family to family, and even from child to child in a given family
Maternal employment has little impact on childrens development → higher academic competence. children in low income families can benefit from maternal employment; higher self-esteem, more positive feeling. Can be especially good for girls. Low paying jobs, less supportive parenting and less stimulating home environment