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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. children of authoritative parents are:
  2. Authoritative
  3. differences in children affect parenting style
  4. Bidirectionality
  5. effects of childcare on development
  1. a parent-child interactions is the idea that parents affect children's characteristics, and vice versa. over time, this effect reinforces and perpetuates each party's behavior
  2. b competent(social and acedemic). self-assured, self-reliant. popular with peers. exhibit control over their behavior. low in antisocial behavior and drug use
  3. c physical attractiveness; attractive children treated more affectionately. behavior and temperament; degree to which they are emotionally negative, unregulated, disobedient. perceptions of parents attitudes can impact self-image
  4. d big issue growing--more and more mothers are working outside the home; in 1995: 45% infants under 1 year and 78% of 4 year olds were in day care. 21% receive care from relative, 18% from non-relatives, 31% in day care. Both ways argues
  5. e (high demandingness, high responsiveness) demanding, but warm and responsive. set clear standards and limits,monitor behavior, firm enforcement of important limits

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. not much of a relationship. But higher quality care associated with better outcomes in specific areas. Some evidence for positive impact of day care on cognitive tasks
  2. highly educated parents view kids as active participants in learning
  3. frequency of contact not especially important for adjustment. but quality of contact does not matter
  4. sibling rivarly. parental differential treatment
  5. siblings as attachment figures. siblings as models and tutors. Siblings interactions facilitate social-cognitive development

5 True/False questions

  1. sociocultural context matter: for 1st generation chinese american adolescentsauthoritative parenting does not equal positive outcomes. authoritarian parenting does not equal negative outsomes


  2. Maternal employment has little impact on childrens developmentadequate supervision matter, however long hours can have negative impact on infants' cognitive development if mom returns to work before baby is 9 months old


  3. Parenting styles: 2 dimensions of special importancedirect instructors, indirect socializers, providers and controllers of opportunities. All parents use these to socialize their children.


  4. parental beliefs and values related to SESgreater risk for psychological, social, academic, and relationship problems. greater risk of divorce for themselves. slightly greater risk fro emotional disorders(anxiety& depression). but most (75%-80%) do not suffer significant enduring problems


  5. Older parentsapproximately 1 million children experience divorce each year. about half of these acquire stepparent within 4 years. about 10% experience two divorces before age 16