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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. stepparenting (NOT ON STUDY GUIDE)
  2. sociocultural context matter: african american adolescents
  3. adjustment in stepfamilies (NOT ON STUDY GUIDE)
  4. Potential effects of divorce
  5. influences impact of divorce: stress
  1. a economic, social isolation; more irritable, less warm, less consistent parenting, less able to monitor children
  2. b greater risk for psychological, social, academic, and relationship problems. greater risk of divorce for themselves. slightly greater risk fro emotional disorders(anxiety& depression). but most (75%-80%) do not suffer significant enduring problems
  3. c in 1996, about 6% of kids lived with a stepparent(80% of which were stepfathers). Entry of stepparent into family can be very stressful for children; reassess their position in family, wonder if mom will be happier, have to balance acceptance of stepparent while maintaing relationship with biological parent
  4. d authoritarian parenting does not equal negative effects; lower levels of deviant behavior. higher academic competence
  5. e child's age--younger more easily accept stepparent. supportive stepparenting has positive impact. Girls have more trouble with stepparent than boys. Adjustment better when custodial parent is authoritative and when stepparent is warm and involved. Custodial parent's attitude towards stepparent

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. sibling rivarly. parental differential treatment
  2. first born; higher achievers(higher"need for achievements"). later born; more popular,outgoing, risk-takers
  3. family structure and familial relationships have clear impact on child development. family dynamics are central and can overcome many potentially negative factors. Changing family structures do not appear to undermine what was traditionally though to be ideal ways to raise children
  4. siblings as attachment figures. siblings as models and tutors. Siblings interactions facilitate social-cognitive development
  5. (low demandingness, high responsiveness) responsive to child's wants and needs. lenient with child. do not require self-regulation

5 True/False questions

  1. family dynamicshow the family operates as a whole. All members influence each other in multiple ways. Not just behavior that affects other family members, but nature too(e.g., biological characteristics of parents and children
    (key concept, can explain)


  2. rates of poverty in us(2010) (NOT ON STUDY GUIDE)15.1%, 46.2 million people in poverty. African americans= 27.4%. Hispanics= 26.6%. Non-hispanic whites=9.9%. Asian American= 12.1%. Under 18=22%. more children in poverty than adults(13.7%) and seniors(9%)


  3. parental socialization: 3 modes of influencelow SES value conformity in children, high SES value independence and autonomy.


  4. Rejecting/neglectingvaries greatly from family to family, and even from child to child in a given family


  5. Impact of cognitive development (NOT ON STUDY GUIDE)not much of a relationship. But higher quality care associated with better outcomes in specific areas. Some evidence for positive impact of day care on cognitive tasks