-Best done in original languages -Better done literal translation
General Goal of Analyzing Sentences
To understand the relationship between every word, phrase, and clause in the sentence.
Principle of Interpretation
The most probable interpretation of a passage is the one that best harmonizes with the normal meanings of every word in the passage.
Linguistic form with which associated thoughts, feelings, and functions.
The thoughts, feelings, and functions associated with a word.
thoughts associated with word
feelings associated with word
Principles related to words and the their Meaning #1
Meanings are conventional not appropriate
Principles related to words and the their Meaning #2
Meanings change with time
Principles related to words and the their Meaning #3
Words in different languages do not fully correlate
Principles related to words and the their Meaning #4
Meanings change from person to person
Principles related to words and the their Meaning #5
Words have a broad range of meaning
Principles related to words and the their Meaning #6
Words in use have only one meaning
Principles related to words and the their Meaning #7
Meaning of a word in use is determined by context
A word can only have
The meaning of a word in use is determined by
Figure of Speech
Word or phrase, which is used to mean something other than its normal, ordinary meaning
Purpose of Figurative Language
It adds color and vividness It attracts attention and adds emphasis It communicates emotion It makes difficult ideas ideas to understand It aids in retention
To understand a figure of speech,
we must first know as much as possible about the literal expression.
Pg. 138 Relationship to Normal
The relationship between the two meanings
How to Identify Figure
Adopt Literal Sense -Unless some good reason not to Adopt Figurative Sense When Literal Senses is: -Disavowed by author -Out of character -Contrary to fact -Impossible or absurd -Immoral -Contrary to character of book
Cautions: Be careful that you do not assume that a figure of speech
always means the same thing in every place.
Be careful that you do not ignore the historical-cultural setting
of the original author and superimpose contemporary concepts into the figure.
The different kinds of literary compositions that are distinguished by their unique forms.
A passage must be interpreted in the light of its literary genre.
The process of identifying the specific literary genre of a biblical passage or book.
The ability to recognize the literary genre of a book and to use the awareness to better interpret.
Recurring pattern that is characteristic of that particular genre
Unique characteristics of language, style, structure, and even tone particular to that genre
Unique types of author's purpose common to a genre.
Genre analysis simply helps us to refine and focus these
principles and guidelines.
HGR is (Historical, Grammatical, Rhetorical)
-One element of exegesis -A check after the exegesis
The Role of Theological Interpretation in Exegesis
It should be a check after the exegesis- use the analogy of faith
No interpretations that violate the rule of faith
Correct interpretation does not guarantee
Know observation, correlation,
interpretation application (found from last exam)
Applications based on principles from a passage that is conditioned dispensationaly, culturally or historically
Indirect application does not mean
that the command is any less relevant or authoritative
Form of prophecy based on correspondence between persons, events and things in the OT that foreshadow greater NT counterpart