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Paragraph Basic Unit of Study

-Not chapter or verse divisions
-Not sentences

Translations and Grammatical to Use

-Best done in original languages
-Better done literal translation

General Goal of Analyzing Sentences

To understand the relationship between every word, phrase, and clause in the sentence.

Principle of Interpretation

The most probable interpretation of a passage is the one that best harmonizes with the normal meanings of every word in the passage.


Linguistic form with which associated thoughts, feelings, and functions.


The thoughts, feelings, and functions associated with a word.


thoughts associated with word


feelings associated with word

Principles related to words and the their Meaning #1

Meanings are conventional not appropriate

Principles related to words and the their Meaning #2

Meanings change with time

Principles related to words and the their Meaning #3

Words in different languages do not fully correlate

Principles related to words and the their Meaning #4

Meanings change from person to person

Principles related to words and the their Meaning #5

Words have a broad range of meaning

Principles related to words and the their Meaning #6

Words in use have only one meaning

Principles related to words and the their Meaning #7

Meaning of a word in use is determined by context

A word can only have

one meaning

The meaning of a word in use is determined by

it's context

Figure of Speech

Word or phrase, which is used to mean something other than its normal, ordinary meaning

Purpose of Figurative Language

It adds color and vividness
It attracts attention and adds emphasis
It communicates emotion
It makes difficult ideas ideas to understand
It aids in retention

To understand a figure of speech,

we must first know as much as possible about the literal expression.

Pg. 138 Relationship to Normal


Pg. 139

The relationship between the two meanings

How to Identify Figure

Adopt Literal Sense
-Unless some good reason not to
Adopt Figurative Sense When Literal Senses is:
-Disavowed by author
-Out of character
-Contrary to fact
-Impossible or absurd
-Contrary to character of book

Cautions: Be careful that you do not assume that a figure of speech

always means the same thing in every place.

Be careful that you do not ignore the historical-cultural setting

of the original author and superimpose contemporary concepts into the figure.

Literary Genre:

The different kinds of literary compositions that are distinguished by their unique forms.

Genre Dependence:

A passage must be interpreted in the light of its literary genre.

Genre Analysis:

The process of identifying the specific literary genre of a biblical passage or book.

Genre Competence:

The ability to recognize the literary genre of a book and to use the awareness to better interpret.

Typical Form:

Recurring pattern that is characteristic of that particular genre

Typical Features:

Unique characteristics of language, style, structure, and even tone particular to that genre

Typical Function:

Unique types of author's purpose common to a genre.

Genre analysis simply helps us to refine and focus these

principles and guidelines.

HGR is (Historical, Grammatical, Rhetorical)


T (theological)


Proper Roles

-One element of exegesis
-A check after the exegesis

The Role of Theological Interpretation in Exegesis

It should be a check after the exegesis- use the analogy of faith

No interpretations that violate the rule of faith

are valid.

Correct interpretation does not guarantee

correct application

Know observation, correlation,

interpretation application (found from last exam)

Indirect Application

Applications based on principles from a passage that is conditioned dispensationaly, culturally or historically

Indirect application does not mean

that the command is any less relevant or authoritative


Form of prophecy based on correspondence between persons, events and things in the OT that foreshadow greater NT counterpart


The OT person, event or thing

Anti type

The NT person event or thing

Types are distinct

from allegories

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