Translations and Grammatical to Use
-Best done in original languages
-Better done literal translation
General Goal of Analyzing Sentences
To understand the relationship between every word, phrase, and clause in the sentence.
Principle of Interpretation
The most probable interpretation of a passage is the one that best harmonizes with the normal meanings of every word in the passage.
Principles related to words and the their Meaning #3
Words in different languages do not fully correlate
Principles related to words and the their Meaning #7
Meaning of a word in use is determined by context
Figure of Speech
Word or phrase, which is used to mean something other than its normal, ordinary meaning
Purpose of Figurative Language
It adds color and vividness
It attracts attention and adds emphasis
It communicates emotion
It makes difficult ideas ideas to understand
It aids in retention
To understand a figure of speech,
we must first know as much as possible about the literal expression.
How to Identify Figure
Adopt Literal Sense
-Unless some good reason not to
Adopt Figurative Sense When Literal Senses is:
-Disavowed by author
-Out of character
-Contrary to fact
-Impossible or absurd
-Contrary to character of book
Cautions: Be careful that you do not assume that a figure of speech
always means the same thing in every place.
Be careful that you do not ignore the historical-cultural setting
of the original author and superimpose contemporary concepts into the figure.
The different kinds of literary compositions that are distinguished by their unique forms.
The process of identifying the specific literary genre of a biblical passage or book.
The ability to recognize the literary genre of a book and to use the awareness to better interpret.
Unique characteristics of language, style, structure, and even tone particular to that genre
The Role of Theological Interpretation in Exegesis
It should be a check after the exegesis- use the analogy of faith
Applications based on principles from a passage that is conditioned dispensationaly, culturally or historically
Form of prophecy based on correspondence between persons, events and things in the OT that foreshadow greater NT counterpart