Religion Exam 4 Questions

STUDY
PLAY
2000
Abraham lived around
1300
moses lived around
1000
david lived around
930
split of kingdom into israel and judah
721
Israel conquered by Assyria
587
Judah conquered by Babylon
538
Return from exile
587-538
exile
8th century empire
Assyria
6-5th century empire
Persia
1250-1050
Judges
120 years
united kingdom lasted
1250
conquest of the land
930-721
North Israel existed
930-587
kingdom of Judah existed before exile
450
Old Testament ends around this date
Genesis
narrates the birth of Jacob's 12 sons
Exodus
instructions for building the tabernacle
Ruth
short story set in the days of the Judges; narrates example of how to show love of neighbor that ends with the birth of the ancestor of David
Ecclesiastes
part of the wisdom literature; reflections on the meaning of life in light of the certainty of death
Genesis
narrates the life of Joseph and explains how his rise to power enables the protection of Jacob's family of 70 in Egypt from famine
Numbers
narrates Israel's wandering in the wilderness; major theme is the death of the old generation and birth of the new generation
Isaiah
prophet to North Israel in the 8th century with the basic message of social justice and reversal of the popular view of the Day of the Lord
Joshua
narrates the conquest and division of the land
Amos
this 8th century prophet's message to Judah included the traditional message of social justice, but with a unique emphasis on the role of the Messah as part of God's means to bring about justice and history of Israel
1-2 Samuel
These 2 books, part of the primary history, narrates the history of Israel as a united kingdom, giving special attention to the career of David
Leviticus
cultic issues, and especially its connection with ethics, is a central concern of this book, with attention to important topics such as sacrifices, purity/impurity, and the day of the atonement
Esther
a short story about a Jewish queen set in the day of the Persian empire
Job
part of the wisdom literature that reflects on the meaning of undeserved suffering and evil, directed esp. to God
Micah
an 8th century prophet who prophesied to Judah; directly primarily to the various leaders, comparing their oppression of the poor to butchering meat
Hosea
an 8th century prophet to Israel with the focus of God's special love for Israel, compared to a husband/wife and parent/child
Deuteronomy
literally "second law" contains the last words of Moses to the new generation of Israel before their conquest of the land, especially a plea to "choose life" by adhering to the Torah
Ezra
part of the "Chronicler's History" this book is named after the high priest and narrates the rebuilding of the temple during the return from exile
Nahum
a small prophetic book whose message is essentially a celebration of Ninevah's downfall
Obadiah
a small prophetic book that condemns Edom for its pride and celebration of the fall of Jerusalem
Zephaniah
a prophet of the Babylonian period with a message similar to that of Amos/Hosea; emphasizes the day of the Lord as a day of wrath/judgement against Judah, but also promises the sparing of a remnant of Judah
1-2 Kings
these 2 books, part of the primary history, narrates the history of Israel as a divided kingdom. events include the reign of Solomon, the careers of the prophets Elijah and Elisha, and the Assyrian and Babylonian invasions
Judges
narrates the 200 year history of Israel in the land of Canaan as a federation of 12 tribes
Nehemiah
part of the "chronicler's history". this book is named after the governor of Judah who spearheaded the rebuilding of the city of Jerusalem during the rerun from Exile
Jeremiah
prophet to Judah during the Babylonian period. a number of laments indicate the extremely unpopular message of the need to submit to Babylon
1-2 Chronicles
these 2 books retells the content of the primary history about a hundred years later, and includes additional information of Judah's return from exile under Cyrus, king of Persia
Ezekiel
prophet who lived in exile with Judah during the Babylonian Period; emphasizes that God is too holy to live in the temple, but foresees God's return to a glorious rebuilt sanctuary. makes an astonishing claim that God actually chooses to go into exile with God's people
Habbakuk
a "reverse prophet" who complains to God about the injustices in Judah
Haggari
a persian prophet who challenges Judah to reconsider their priorities when their homes are being built while the temple lies in ruins
Exodus
contains the 10 commandments and the book of the covenant given at Mt. Sinai
Malaki
only prophet to preach after the second temple was built during the persian period. promises a future "messenger" who will purify this temple
Joel
this prophetic book cannot be dated with certainty to any prophetic period; dominant image is that of a locust plague symbolizing God's judgement of Israel
Jonah
a prophet during the 8th century who reluctantly prophesied to Nineveh, after which God spares Nineveh due to their quick receptivity to this message
Zechariah
a persian prophet who challenges Judah to finish the task of building the temple; this message is conveyed through a series of mystic highly symbolic visions, some of which became the basis for the book of Revelation in the New Testament
Proverbs
Part of the wisdom literature that is essentially a collection of practical advice on living life. some major topics include the virtues of diligence, honesty in speech, generosity, and forgiveness