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22 terms

DIV NUR

STUDY
PLAY
primary prevention
health education, protection from disease, maintaining good health
secondary prevention
early Dx and prompt Tx to prevent spreading disease
tertiary prevention
ppl attain and retain optimal level of functioning (best level) , selective placement
purpose of health promotion
help ppl to change their lifestyles and to move toward optimum health
advocate
help pt and family obtain what they are entitled to and to receive appropriate and cost effective care
care manager
find ways to reduce cost and avoid unsafe and ineffective care
consultation
source of knowledge in area of specialization
researcher
use evidence-based practices to enhance quality and value of client care
def of wellness
integration of mind, body, and spirit ; personal choice, loving acceptance of yourself, optimal health and vitality
def of health
state of complete physical, mental and social well-being
four components of Smiths model of health
1. Clinical model: wellness-illness continuum, discipline of medicine, lowest, state of not being sick, narrowest interpretation of health 2. Role performance model: can still meet social/societal expectations (sickness=inability to fulfill ones role) 3. adaptive model: disease= failure in adaption, health= positive, flexible adaption 4. Eduaimonistic model: exuberant well-being, highest level of wellness, actual and realizaiton of persons potential, illness=prevents self-actualizaion
two extremes in health-illness continuum
high level of wellness, death
what is healthy ppl 2010
call to action to set goals for the US for the next 10 yrs, increase span of healthy life, dec health disparities, provide access to preventative services to all
purposes of a genogram
1. depicts each member of family with connections btw generations 2. clues to family health history problems 3. provide health guidance
health promotion
help ppl change their lifestyles and move toward optimal health
illness
imbalanced and insustainable relationship with the environment. state of being. can feel ill without a disease
disease
failure of a person's adaptive mechanism resulting in functional or structural disturbances. recognizable health deviations. can have disease without feeling ill
name 5 stages of the transtheoretical model stages of change (prochaska)
pre-contemplation-information, contemplation-- think about change, preparation-plan to change and attempt new behavior, action (<6mo), maintenance (behavior longer than 6mo)
health education
The process of assisting individuals acting separately or collectively to make informed decisions on matters affecting individuals, families and community health
health teaching
use specific teaching learning strategies from nurse to pt, family or community to increase knowledge of a health condition
health counseling
referring ppl to health edu or information resourses to solve health problems
nursing process steps
assessment, analysis, plan and intervention, evaluation