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51 terms

Medical Term Chapter 23

STUDY
PLAY
Flattened affect is often associated with schizophrenia.
true
Nyctophobia is an abnormal fear of nicotine addiction.
false
A psychosis is any mental disorder characterized by a loss of contact with reality.
true
Hallucinogens are substances that create perceptual distortions of the mind.
true
Malingering describes an abnormal desire to delay leaving any public arena.
false
Psychology is the study of behavior and the processes of the mind, especially as they relate to the individual's social and physical environment.
true
Rationalization is an effort to overcome, or make up for, real or imagined inadequacies.
false
The process of transferring a feeling or emotion from the original idea or object to a substitute idea or object is known as displacement.
true
Projection is a response to stress in which the individual reverts to an earlier level of development and the comfort measures associated with that level of functioning.
false
Repression is the voluntary blocking of unpleasant feelings and experiences from one's mind.
false
What is rationalization characterized by?
making excuses for unacceptable feelings
What is an effort to overcome real or imagined inadequacies called?
compensation
Select the term that best describes a state of frenzied excitement.
delirium
Which term describes an involuntary blocking of unpleasant feelings and experiences?
repression
What is reverting to an earlier and more comfortable level of development known as?
regression
Select the term that describes a chronic preoccupation and irrational fear about bodily health.
hypochondriasis
Which term best describes the observable evidence of a person's feelings and emotions?
affect
What is transferring a feeling or emotion from one object to a substitute called?
displacement
What is an abnormal and uncontrolled urge to steal called?
kleptomania
What is transferring unacceptable thoughts or feelings to someone else known as?
projection
Select the term that best describes a fear of spiders.
arachnophobia
What are bipolar disorders also known as?
manic-depressive disorders
What is a fear of enclosed or small spaces called?
claustrophobia
Select the term that best describes the voluntary blocking of unpleasant feelings and experiences.
suppression
What is acrophobia?
fear of high places
A condition of persistent inattention and hyperactivity, impulsivity, or both is known as:
attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder
dementia
coginitive disorder
hypochondriasis
somatoform disorder
major depression
mood disorder
narcissism
personality disorder
obsessive-compulsive
anxiety disorder
passive-aggressiv
personality disorder
phobia
anxiety disorder
posttraumatic stress
Anxiety disorder
psychogenic fugue
dissociative disorder
sadism-masochism
gender idenity disorder
A binge-purge disorder, ____________________ ____________________ is associated with guilt, depression, and shame
bulimia nervosa
____________________ is an uncontrollable urge to set fires
pyromania
The fear of being in a public place, ____________________, is often associated with anxiety disorders or panic attacks.
agoraphobia
A(n) ____________________ is a persistent abnormal belief in something that is evidently not accurate
delusion
Hearing voices is the most common form of ____________________, which are false or unreal sensory perceptions
hallucinations
Dogs and snakes are often associated with ____________________, an irrational fear of animals.
zoophobia
____________________ is a tense and apprehensive state of mind.
anxiety
____________________ are repeated, persistent, and irrational thoughts or impulses.
obsessions
____________________ is the absence or suppression of observable emotion or feeling.
apathy
Defined as a repeated and uncontrollable desire to sleep, ____________________ can occur at any time.
narcolepsy
Nightmares and sleepwalking are examples of ____________________.
parasomnia
____________________ is characterized by an abnormal, uncontrolled, and recurrent urge to steal.
kleptomania
A disorder seen primarily in adolescent girls, characterized by an emotional disturbance concerning body image, prolonged refusal to eat followed by extreme weight loss, amenorrhea, and a lingering abnormal fear of becoming obese is known as ________________ ___________________.
anorexia nervosa
OCD
Obsessive-compulsive disease
ADHD
attention-deficit hyperactivity disorde