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50 terms

Chapter-10 The Endocrine System

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sebaceous glands
All of the following are endocrine glands EXCEPT
steroid hormones
Hormones that enter target cells and bind to receptors in the nucleus are called
parathyroid hormone and calcitonin
The hormones regulating blood calcium levels are
parathyroid hormone(PTH).
All of the following are hormones of the anterior pituitary EXCEPT
posterior pituitary gland.
Antidiuretic hormone and oxytocin are stored and released by the
Hormones
. Glands are small organs located throughout your body that secrete (that means release) substances called:
Hormones help your body by
Telling your cells what to do
Appendix
Which of the following is not part of the endocrine system?
Where are the major endocrine glands located?
In the brain, neck, abdomen, and groin
Pituitary
This gland is sometimes called the master gland, though it is only about the size of a pea:
Pancreas
What is your largest endocrine gland? (Hint: It's found in your belly!)
Diabetes
What is a common problem with the endocrine system?
Insulin
What hormone does the pancreas make?
Where can you find the pituitary gland?
At the base of your brain
Thyroid
Which gland makes hormones that help you grow and stay full of energy?
thyroid gland
Calcitonin is a hormone of the
Mineralcorticoids
are produced in the adrenal cortex.
are steroid hormones.
help regulate the homeostasis of sodium and potasium.
all of the above
epinephrine and norepinephrine
Which of the following hormones are responsible for the "fight-or-flight" response?
pancreas
The gland which can be classified as an endocrine and an exocrine gland is the
Glucagon
accelerates the conversion of glycogen into glucose
ADH
Which hormone is secreted from the neurohypophysis?
An enlarged pituitary gland can cause this.
Visual Disturbances and Possible Blindness
Thyroid and parathyroid
Which two glands control calcium levels in the blood?
Thymus
Which gland plays a major role in the development of immunity?
Polyuria, polydipsia, and polyphagia
What is/are the major symptom(s) of diabetes mellitus?
Acromegaly
What is the condition called when the pituitary oversecretes growth hormone after puberty is reached?
Hypothermia and cold intolerance
Which of these symptoms are caused from hypothyroidism?
Palpate the abdomen.
What should you never do to a person with pheochromocytoma?
Undersecretion of ADH.
What is diabetes insipidus?
It can result in death.
Why should a person taking Prednisone not suddenly stop taking it?
endocrinologist
What is a specialist of the endocrine system called?
Colon
Which of these is not an endocrine gland?
Hypoglycemia
What is decreased glucose concentration in the blood?
Polydactyly
Which of these is not a symptom of diabetes?
Gamma cells
Which of the following cells are not produced in the pancreas?
Somatotropin
Which of these is the growth hormone?
Tropic
Is TSH (thyroid-stimulating hormone) a tropic or nontropic hormone?
Thyrocalcitonin
Which of these is not a corticosteroid?
Cortisolate
Which of these is not a trade name for cortisone?
Addison's disease
What disease of the endocrine system consists of weakness, fatigue, anorexia, weight loss, hyperpigmentation, and decreased blood pressure?
The gonads
The sex hormones are produced where? The gonads are the ovaries in females, and the testes in males. Gametes are sperm and egg cells
The adrenal glands sit right on top of the kidneys.
The adrenal glands secrete adrenaline which is important for the fight-or-flight response. Adrenaline is also used to counteract allergic reactions (an Epi-Pen).

(true)
Progesterone and estrogen are hormones that are present in males.
True..Both progesterone and estrogen are present in males, and estrogen is even needed by males to produce viable sperm
all of these
testosterone
estrogen
oxytocin
Which of these hormones is produced by females?
It helps to regulate sleep patterns
What does the hormone melatonin do?
Insulin is produced where?
Insulin is produced in the pancreas and it helps regulate the body's blood sugar levels
Which gland secretes growth hormone (GH)?
The pituitary gland is the master gland that produces most of your body's hormones, including GH. The thymus gland produces hormones that stimulate the formation of T-Cells. The thyroid gland releases hormones that help regulate heart rate, blood pressure, and body temperature. The adrenal gland releases adrenaline, which is part of the body's "fight or flight" response.
What does follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) do in males?
It stimulates sperm production
Both male and females

Prolactin stimulates the production of milk in the mammary glands
Prolactin is produced in which of the following?
An Epi-Pen contains what?
epinephrine
An Epi-Pen is generally used for allergic reactions. It contains epinephrine which helps stop the allergic reaction