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115 terms

Medical Terminology Unit 13

Respiratory System and Pulmonology
STUDY
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pne/o
breathing
pneum/o
air (lung)
pneumon/o
lung
-pnea
fast/breathing
-ectasia
dilation or expansion
-ectasis
dilation or expansion
myc/o
fungus
nas/o
nose and nasal cavity
pharynx/o
pharynx
laryng/o
larynx
trache/o
trachea
bronch/o
bronchi
alveol/o
alveoli
pleur/o
lung cover
phren/o
diaphragm
ment/o
chin
epi-
upon
sinistr/o
left
ad-
toward
dextr/o
right
pod/o
foot
ped/i
foot
-iatrist or -iatric
(noun) (adjective) used to indicate medical professionals or physicians
chir/o
hand
pedi/a
child
ger/i
old age
apnea
absence of breathing
atelectasis
collapsed lung
bradypnea
slow breathing
bronchitis
inflammation of the bronchi
broncholith
bronchial stone
bronchorrhagia
hemorrhage of the bronchi
bronchorrhaphy
suture of the bronchi
bronchorrhaphy
suture of the bronchi
bronchoscopy
examination of the bronchi with a bronchoscope
bronchospasm
uncontrolled contraction of the bronchial muscles
cardiopulmonary
pertaining to heart and lungs
chiroplasty
surgical repair of the hand
chiropractic
practice of using hand for therapeutic spinal and skull manipulation, a philosophy of medicine based on musculoskeletal alignment and holistic health practices
chiropractor
doctor of chiropractic (DC)
dermatomycosis
fungal infection of the skin (mycodermatitis)
dextral
pertaining to the right
dextrocardia
heart displaced to the right
dyspnea
difficulty (painful) breathing
embolus
a moving blood clot (embolism)
endotracheal
inside the trachea
epistaxis
nosebleed
hemoptysis
bloody sputum
fungi
plural of fungus
geriatrics
medical speciality studying aging and related diseases (gerontology)
hyperpnea
increase in depth and rate of breathing
laryngalgia
larynx pain (laryngodynia)
laryngitis
inflammation of the voice box (larynx)
laryngocele
herniation of the larynx
laryngopathy
any disease of the larynx
laryngoscope
an instrument used to examine the larynx
laryngospasm
uncontrolled contraction of the vocal cords
laryngostomy
making a new, permanent opening in the larynx
laryngotomy
making a temporary incision into the larynx
larynx
the voice
manual
pertaining to the fingers
mycoid
resembling a fungus
mycology
the science and study of fungi
nasoantritis
inflammation of the nose and antrum
nasofrontal
pertaining to the nasal and frontal bones
nasolacrimal
pertaining to the nose and lacrimal ducts
nasomental
pertaining to the nose and chin
nasopharyngeal
pertaining to the nasopharynx (nose and pharynx)
nasopharyngitis
inflammation of the nose and pharynx
nasoscope
instrument used to examine the nose
orthopnea
dyspnea when lying down (straight) or any other position other than sitting or standing upright
otorhinolaryngologist
physician specialist in diseases of the ear, nose, and throat
pedal
pertaining to the foot
pedialgia
foot pain (podalgia)
pediatrician
physician specialist in children's diseases and development
pharyngocele
herniation (weakening of the wall) of the throat
pharyngomycosis
fungal infection of the throat
pharyngoplasty
surgical repair of the throat
pharyngoscope
instrument used to examine the throat
pharynx
throat
phrenectomy
excision of part of the phrenic nerve (phrenicectomy)
phrenoplegia
paralysis of the diaphragm
pleural
pertaining to the pleura
pleuralgia
pleural membrane pain
pleurectomy
excision of part of the pleura
pleurisy
inflammation of the pleura (pleuritis)
pleurocentesis
surgical puncture of the pleura to remove fluid
pleurolith
stone in the pleural cavity
pneumohemothroax
air and blood in the thoracic cavity
pneumometer
instrument for measuring air volume
pneumonectomy
excision of the lung
pneumonia
inflammation of the lung
pneumonocentesis
surgical puncture of the lung to remove fluid (pneumocentesis)
pneumonomelanosis
black lung disease
pneumonomycosis
fungal infection of the lung
pneumonopathy
any lung disease
pneumonorrhagia
hemorrhage of the lung
pneumonotomy
incision into the lung
pneumotherapy
treatment using air
pneumothroax
air in the thoracic cavity
podiatrist
specialist in care of conditions of the feet; may also perform surgery of the foot
psychiatrist
physician specialist in mental disorders
ptyalorrhea
flow of saliva
pulmonary
pertaining to the lung (pulmonic)
rhinomycosis
fungal infection in the nose
sinistral
pertaining to the left
tachypnea
fast breathing
trachea
windpipe
trachealgia
tracheal pain
tracheocele
herniation of the tracheal wall
tracheopyosis
condition of pus in the trachea
tracheorrhagia
hemorrhage of the trachea
tracheoscopy
process of inspecting the trachea
tracheostomy
surgical creation of an opening in the trachea
tracheotomy
incision into the trachea