Create an account
Liberum Veto (Exploding the Diet)
Opposition from any one of the members of the Sejm would require the body to disband.
Noble liberty chaos
Other countries took advantage of the liberum veto through bribery, which eventually led to the disappearance of Poland in the late 1700s.
Austrian Habsburgs consolidated power within hereditary possessions outside of the Holy Roman Empire, including Bohemia and Austria-Hungary.
Thirty Years' War
It marked a mental turning point in history of Austrian Habsburgs. They were previously in alliance with Spain and hoped to bring all of Germany under their control, but failed.
War of Spanish Succession
Wars between France and England to claim Spain after Charles II's death. England had a huge advantage in finance and strength, but France won anyways.
Austrian Netherlands and Lombardy
In the Treaty of Rastadt (1714), Austria received the former Spanish Netherlands and Lombardy in Northern Italy.
Succeeded Joseph I; he had no male heir, so he created the Pragmatic Sanction (1711-1740).
Pragmatic Sanction (1713)
Charles VI' had no male heir, so he created the Pragmatic Sanction, which provided the legal basis for a single line of inheritance and allowed his daughter, Maria Theresa, to succeed him.
Peter the Great went to west Europe and liked it a lot. He decided to try to Westernize Russia.
Peter founded the new capital city of St. Petersburg in 1703 on the Gulf of Finland, where he constructed government buildings and got the boyars to build town houses.
Table of Ranks
Peter published this, which equated a person's social position and privileges with rank in bureaucracy/military.
The guards of the Moscow garrison who opposed Peter and supported his sisters. They rebelled in 1698 but lost.
Senate and College
Peter created departments called colleges to oversee government affairs. The leaders of the colleges had to be loyal to Peter.
Peter replaced the Russian Orthodox Church with the Holy Synod, a government department which governed the church according to the tsar's secular requirements. It was the most radical transformation of a traditional institution during his reign.
Orthodox people that separated from the Russian Orthodox Church who protested against the church reforms.
Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.
Having trouble? Click here for help.
We can’t access your microphone!
Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again
Reload the page to try again!Reload
Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom
Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom
It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.
Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.
For more help, see our troubleshooting page.
Your microphone is muted
For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.
Star this term
You can study starred terms together