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61 terms

World Music Quiz 4

STUDY
PLAY
calypso
Trinidad music characterized by improvised lyrics on topical and humorous subject matter, on current events scandals, odd fashions, parody, satire repetitive,
syncopation, polyrhythm, breaks TIMBRE
tamboo bamboo
when British began trying to put a stop to Carnival/chaos, and had prohibitions against drumming, decided that drummin wasnt if you were beating or stomping on bamboo tubes
tamboo=drums
steel pan
steel drums used in steel bands made from steel oil drums
symbol of nationalism/independence, national instrument in Trinidad, theme and variations of form
soca
soul calypso made from blending calypso with rock and reggae
a more danceable style with less consequential words
road calypso, faster tempos
guaguanco
lyrics that desribe an event or something that has happened to someone (canto section)
intricate and quick and lively
santeria
african derived animistic belief system found primarily in Cuba and USA, religious
dialect of Yoruba
polyrhythmic, bata drums
clave
rhythm pattern based on african bell patterns in salsa and it is also an instrument when two sticks are beaten together
DENSITY REFERENT
tumbao
basic rhythmic composite and improvisation
yambu
slower paced with sparser percussion, mimes frail old age
danzon
national dance of Cuba in the late 19th century, european harmony with clave
flute/violin/percussion
evolved into cha cha cha,
son cubano
mid to later 19th century adds trumpet clave and maracas
call and response, dianas,
son montuno
20th century extra trumpets piano, bass, tombones, sax
improv, harmonized vocals
bata
sacred drums that need to be consecrated
sanctified drummers initiated, no mistakes
changui
precursor for son
rural parities, not use clave
marimbula, bongo ,tres, guiro
nengon
precursor for changui
ostinato, static, timbre
tres
small guitar with two strings, originated in cuba
mambo
cuban derived latin dances
rumbas exported son
punto
17th century onward, spanish with africanisms
NO CLAVE, guajira
rumba
led to the son
polyrhythmic drums, vocal call and response
colombia
fast 6/8, solo male and acrobatic/competitive, related to abakua
montuno
improv section, open ended jam
call and response
Orisha
santeria starts by addressing:
pantheon of spirits/dieties, each representing an aspect of nature and human experience
marimbula
instrument, lamellophone, basic instuments for changui
diana
opening section includes vocables
lavway
part of Carnival and sung for any outdoor celebration throughout the year
lets go and party before lent!
road march song, catchy melodies, more call and response
tassa
kettle drum in Trinidad
picong
light comical banter, usually at someone else's expense in calypso music
song duels
lord shorty
soca musician
son jalisco
a mix of andalusian gypsy music, mexican indigenous elements and african rhythmic patterns main musical genres of mariachi
mariachi
festive music, European stylesan occasion, setting or group of performers, vihuela, trumpet, guitarron, NO TRES
guitarron
large fretted plucked lute from Mexico similar to the guitar but with a convex resonator
bolero
romance themes, rich harmonies, influenced by afro cuban music
son jarocho
mariachi with frequent subtle shifts of meter and tempo
Vera Cruz harp, hemiolas, sesquialtera
Mariachi Coculense
mariachi quartet that viewed themselves as professional regional musicians
hired for religious, political, festive events
Mariachi Vargas
well known through radio and film
traditional all string instrumentation
first to hire a permanent trumpet plater
vihuela
5 stringed guitar played in mariachi bands
small guitar
Mariachi Sinfonico
vargas and sol de mexio began playing mariachi with mexican symphony orchestras
Mestizo/Mestizaje
indian-spanish
mixed race of spanish/european with indian
mariachi music derived from this
singing Charro
mexican nationalism and return to grassroots culture continued in 1930s film industry
creolization of cuban music
rumba, changui, son, salsa
son
tres, trumpet, claves, NO VIHUELA
sesquialtera
rhythm of Mexican son
son huasteca
mexican genre that involves violin improv and virtuosity
wakrapuku
aerophone from Peru
horn curved made out of animals with high pitches
huayno
couples dance, duple rhythm, binary form love songs sentimental
kena
notched flute of life or transcendence
sikuri
pan-pipe ensembles
HOCKET
reflection of community values, group participation diffused sound
interlocking melodies
song type and musician
sikus
the instrument that plays sikuri
panpipes common among indigenous populations flute that you blow on
chicha
urban popular music based on huayno, electric timbres and cuban percussion
yaravi
song tupe minor, flexible rhythm voice and instruements
binary form
charango
rural indigenous and urban mestizo traditions chordophone
young mens instrument for courting, sexual with decorations and magical rites like snake head
herranza
violin with female voice, heterophony
fertility ritual
waltz
the andes influenced by european
cuatro, mandolin, flute, maracas
sesquialtera
joropo
cowboy culture, the llanos
cuatro, bandola, harp, maracas, sesquialtera
calypso
the east, french and english influence
merengue
dance and genre music
fast paced scraping sound, tambora
cumbia
african and amerindian
courtship ritual
candle flame and flourishing of skirt
cumbia drums, claves, guiro, flutes
ballet de salsa
choreographed salsa dance routines
allowed other groups to form
musica antillana
caribbean music
spanish language, drums interlocking, call and response, string and wind instruments
clave
salsateca
listening to records, drinking, dancing, working class
grupo niche
afro columbian musicians premier salsa orchestra, played in older musica antillana
influenced purer salsa