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what animals use alloenzymic digestion?
foregut fermenters (ruminants/ non-ruminants)
dental adaptations of non-ruminant herbivores
incisors for nipping
molars slightly angled, jaws move circularly
dental adaptations of ruminants
upper incisors absent (dental pad instead)
lateral jaw movements
molars present for shredding and grinding fibre
what are edentates?
relatively toothless animals e.g sloths, armadillos, anteater
tend to have long tongue
may have ridges and spines in mouth
components of the digestive system of ruminants
rumen (1st stomach)
reticulum (2nd stomach)
omasum (3rd stomach)
list the three types of feeding strategies of ruminants
concentrate selectors, intermediate feeders and bulk roughage grazers
what are the features of concentrate selectors?
small rumen, poorly developed omasum
limited fibre digestion ability
tree & shrub browsers
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