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Homewood AP Euro- Reformation Review Quiz

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A religious sect started in Zurich, Switzerland, in the 16th century that believed that true faith was based on reason and free will and that people must knowingly select the Christian faith through rebaptism as adults. These men and women rejected the authority of the state and the courts, abolished private property, and believed themselvesto be true Christians who lived acording to the standards established in the Bible. The movement gained most of its support from artisans and the middle and lower classes, who were attracted by its simple message of peace and salvation.
Intellectuals in the late 15th and early 16th centuries who dreamed of idealistic societies based on peace, morality, and Christian virtue and sought to realize the ethical ideals of the classical world and the Scriptures. Their ideals applied the techniques and outlook of Renaissance humanism to Christianity and the Bible. they strongly encourages reform through education. They influenced Martin Luther and other Reformation leaders.
1466-1536 b. Rotterdam, Holland. Leading humanist of the Northern Renaissance. Two most famous works were Praise of Folly & Handbook of the Christian Knight. Satire on church & how to lead a moral but active life. Studied classical language to get deeper understanding of Bible. Published annotated edition of New Testament in Greek. Saw religion and learning as bound together. While a critic of abuses by church - was NOT a Protestant. Thought institution could reform itself from within and wished for a unified Church.
German monk and professorwho started the Protestant Reformation by nailing the 95 These to the door of the castle church in Wittenburg, Germany. His ideas of salvation by faith alone, the Bible is the sole source of religious freedom, and that the clergy has no special relationship with God are the basis of the Protestant faith.