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100 terms

CDC 3D052, Volume 1 Unit Review

STUDY
PLAY
What is the minimum number of computers needed for a computer network?
2
What is a privately-owned network whose access is restricted to authorized personnel is called?
Intranetwork
What type of network environments consist of computer systems from different vendors that run different operating systems and communication protocols?
Heterogeneous
What type of network is made up of components from the same vendor or compatible equipment that all run under the same operating system or network operating system?
Homogeneous
What is a communications network that serves users within a confined geographical area?
LAN
What type of communications network links a broad geographical region?
WAN
What type of communications network links different interconnected networks over an unlimited geographical region?
GAN
How many users are normally in a peer-to-peer network?
2 - 10
How many users are in a single-server network?
10 - 50
How many users are in a multi-server network?
50 - 250
How many users are in a multi-server high-speed backbone network?
250 - 1000
What type of communications network links geographically dispersed offices in other cities or around the globe?
Enterprise network
What is used to identify network nodes on a physically connected network?
Media access control address.
How many octets is the standard internet protocol broken down into?
4
What is the binary equivalent to the dotted decimal number 96?
01100000
What is the network id of internet protocol (IP) address 131.10.230.120/24?
131.10.230.0
What is the host id of internet protocol address 131.10.230.120/24?
0.0.0.120
How many bits are typically covered in an internet protocol version 6 subnet mask?
64
What series of Air Force instruction series covers communications and information?
33
What Air Force instruction provides policy, direction, and structure for the Air Force global information grid?
AFI 33-115, Volume 1
According to the Air Force network structure, what tier is the Air Force network operations center?
Tier 1
What network entity provides reliable, secure networks and network services for base level customers?
NCC
What is defined as a bundle of application software designed to signifcantly improve network efficiency and productivity?
Network Management Server
Which of the following are the three most common network management architectures?
Centralized, Hierarchical, Distributed
What network architecture has a network management platform on one computer system at a location that is responsible for all network management duties?
Centralized
What network architecture uses multiple systems for network managenment, with one system acting as a central server and the others working as clients?
Hierarchical
What level of network management activity are you working at when you as the network manager are monitoring and troubleshooting components to eliminate the side-effect alarms and isolate problems to a root cause?
Interactive
What level of network management activity are you working at when the automated monitoring of component provides problems analysis, giving a root cause alarm for the problem at-hand?
Proactive
Performance management can be broken into what two separate functional categories?
Monitoring and Tuning
Which function of performance management tracks historical data by tracking activities on the network?
Monitoring
What network management area is concerned with controlling access points to information?
Security
What is the established to distinguish between errors that fall within a normal range and execssive errors because of a fault?
Tolerance Parameters
Network management protocols are designed (in most cases) to reside above what layer of the OSI model?
Session
What is a hierarchical structured format that defines the network management information available from network devices?
Management Information Base
What area of the simple network management protocol tree structure is reserved for vendors related label and leaf objects associated with specific manufactured equipment?
Private
What simple network management protocol node is responsible for monitoring, collecting and reporting management data to the management system?
Agent
What operational simple network protocol message asks for a specific instance of management information?
Get
What operational SNMP message is used to retrieve multiple pieces of information with minimal overhead?
GetNext
What operational SNMP message is used to modify the value of one or more instances of management information?
Set
What operation SNMP message is an unsolicited message from an agent to the manager?
Trap
What is the type of probe that collects inter-device connectivity information using proprietary topology management information bases (MIB)?
Neighbor Probe
What is the centerpiece of a systems management automated report tracking system (SMARTS) application?
Domain Manager
What component of the systems management automated report tracking system (SMARTS) application contains knowledge of available domain managers?
Broker
What are the three types of systems management automated report tracking system (SMARTS) notifications?
Problem, Compound Event, Symptomatic Event
What color on the systems management automated report tracking system (SMARTS) alarm log indicates one or more events?
Purple
How many different categories of information does the performance monitor provide you about your network?
21
What device provides a capability for digital network diagnostics and developing communications software?
Protocol analyzer
What provides information concerning the network utilization and frame errors that are related to a specific protocol?
Protocol statistics
What reports errors that occur at the physical layer such as bad frame check sequence (FCS), short frames, and jabbers?
Media access control (MAC) node statistics
What automatically runs in the background when the protocol analyzer application is activated?
Node discovery
What provides information concerning the bandwidth utilization and the number of connections that are related to specific nodes?
Connection statistics
What is a measure used to verify the eligibility of a subject and the ability of the subject to access certain information?
Authentication
What are three primary ways to authenticate one-self?
Knowledge based, possession based and biometrics based
Knowledge-based identification and authentication methods require the user to provide something you
Know
The Air Force requires a network password to be at least how many characters long?
9
What regulation covers remanence security?
AFSSI 8580
Storage media that retains data after power is removed is considered
Sensitive Storage Media
Which standard form is used to annotate storage media has been sanitized?
711
Who can declassify storage media that has been sanitized?
Information assurance officer
What is the process of physically damaging the media to render it unusable in a computer and render the data on the media irretrievable by any known exploitation methods?
Destroying
What is the process of erasing magnetic media by reducing the magnetic flux to virtual zero by applying a reverse magnetizing field?
Degaussing
What is the preferred method of sanitizing magnetic media?
Degaussing
What is a comprehensive evaluation and validation of an Air Force information system (IS) to establish the degree to which it complies with assigned information assurance (IA) controls based on standardized procedures?
Certification
What is a formal declaration by a designated approving official (DAA) that an information system is approved to operate in a particular security mode using a prescribed set of safeguards at an acceptable level of risk?
Accreditation
What is the Department of Defense process for certifying and accrediting information systems to operate on the global information grid (GIG)?
DIACAP
What documentation is required to permanently connect to the global information grid (GIG) system?
ATO
What documentation signifies that a system is not allowed to connect to the global information grid (GIG)?
DATO
What process, along with AFI 33-210, Air Force Certification and Accreditation (C&A) Program (AFCAP), provides the basic framework of the certification & accreditation (C&A)?
IT lean reengineering process
What do you call the consolidated list of requirements that a program office must adhere to when fielding a system?
SISSU
What is the database of record for registering all systems and applications?
EITDR
What is a collection of computing environments connected by one or more internal networks under the control of a single approval authority and security policy?
Enclave
How many non-secure internet protocol router network (NIPRNet) gateways does the Air Force possess?
16
Which agency must approve all information protection tools prior to their use?
Headquarters Air Force
What device is placed outside the boundary protection mechanism to monitor all attempted attacks?
IDS
What are examples of network attacks that bypass the firewall?
Tunneling and application-based attacks
What is the intrusion practice of encapsulating a message that would be rejected by the firewall inside a second message that will pass through the firewall?
Tunneling
A base web-server that interfaces with the public must be placed in what area of a base network?
DMZ
What is the simplest and least expensive way to stop inappropriate network addresses?
Packet filtering firewall
What type of firewall consists of a screening router and a set of rules that accept or reject a message based on information in the message's header (a packet): the source address, the destination address, and the port?
Packet filtering firewall
What type of firewall is used to separate secure sites, networks, or network segments from less secure areas?
Bastion Host
What type of firewall generates audit trails of all network-related activity for monitoring and intrusion detection purposes?
Bastion Host
What network device performs rigorous examinations of systems to identify weaknesses that might allow security violations?
Vulnerability Scanners
What action represents one of the greatest vulnerabilities to internal networks?
Network-connected computer
systems with modems that make calls to and accept calls from the public-switched network
What do you call a current and perceived capability, intention, or attack, directed to cause denial of service?
Threat
An information system on your network that is not set to require the use of a common access card (CAC) or password would be considered a
Vulnerability
A program that replicates by attaching itself to a program is a
Virus
What type of malicious logic can form large networks that can be used to launch a variety of attacks without an information system owner's knowledge?
Bots
What type of malicious logic can become active on an information system without the need to infect a file?
Worm
What is a cryptographic key and certificate delivery system that makes possible secure electronic transactions and exchanges of sensitive information between relative strangers?
PKI
What can be used to encrypt a message so that it can only be decrypted by the recipient?
Public key
What is a file that is kept with you and will allow you to decrypt files encrypted specifically for you using your openly available encryption code?
Private key
What is an electronic document that officially links together a user's identity with his public key?
PKI Certificate
Which component of the public key infrastructure (PKI) is responsible for establishing, authenticating, maintaining, and revoking certificates?
Certificate Authority
The two ways key establishment can occur are key
Transfer and Agreement
Which public key algorithm is exclusively a key establishment protocol?
Diffie and Hellman
What is the primary unclassified public key infrastructure (PKI) token for individual PKI keys and certificates in the Air Force?
CAC
Which team provides a communication link between forces securing the area and setting up support facilities?
Initial Communications Support teams
Sustained communications support becomes a part of the deployment if it exceeds
30 Days
Who provides uninterrupted flow of mission critical information to field and in-garrison units for the duration of a contingency?
Sustained Communications Support teams
What program is known as a state of the art ground-to-ground communications infrastructure designed to provide base level full spectrum communications to the commander and all agencies on base?
TDC